Induced breeding, embryonic and larval development of Macrognathus pancalus (Hamilton, 1822) under captive condition
The present study was carried out to enumerate induced breeding technique and larval development of Macrognathus pancalus (Hamilton, 1822) reared under captivity. Five different doses of Ovasis hormone (T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5) with 3 replicas each were administered to the matured brooders to standardize the breeding performance of the target species. The results indicated variation in fertilization rate, latency period, egg output and hatching rate in response to different treatments. Spawning was occurred between 20-24 hrs of injection in all the experiments at 26.33±0.88°C water temperature. Among all the experimental trials, the highest fertilization rate was observed in T3 (96.15±0.60) of E2 and the highest hatching rate was observed in T3 (92.49±1.00) of E2. The present work elucidated the viability of seed production of M. pancalus reared under confined condition which will useful for aquaculture and conservation.
Abujam S.S., Biswas S.P. (2011). Studies on the reproductive biology of spiny eel, Macrognathus aral from upper Assam. Journal of Environmental Biology, 32(5): 635.
Afroz A., Islam M.S., Hasan M.R., Hasnahena M., Tuly D.M. (2014). Larval rearing of spiny eel, Mastacembelus pancalus in the captivity with emphasis on their development stages. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 1(6): 163-167.
Alam M., Alam M.S., Alam M.A., Islam M.A., Miah M.I. (2009). Dose optimization with PG hormone for induced breeding of Mastacembelus pancalus. Journal of Ecofriendly Agriculture, 2(9): 799-804.
Anonymous (2006). IUCN Red List of threatened species. http://www.redlist.org.
APHA. (1998). Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 15th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA. 1134 p.
Arockiaraj A.J., Haniffa M.A., Seatharaman S., Singh S.P. (2003). Early development of a threatened freshwater catfish Mystus montanus (Jerdon). Acta Zoologia Taiwanica, 14(1): 23-32.
Atz J.W., Pickford G.E. (1959). The use of pituitary hormones in fish culture. Endeavour, 18(71): 125-29.
Behera B.K., Das P., Singh N.S., Sahu A.K. (2007). Observation on the induced breeding of Labeo bata (Hamilton) with Ovaprim and Ovatide as inducing agents with a note to its development. Journal of Aquaculture, 15: 11-17.
Behera B.K., Das P., Singh N.S., Sahu A.K. (2009a). Breeding and seed production of Labeo gonius (Hamilton) under captive condition in Manipur. Journal of Aquaculture, 17: 1-6.
Behera B.K., Das P., Singh N.S., Sahu A.K. (2010). Captive breeding of an endemic medium carp Pengba, Osteobrama belangeri (Val.) with Wova-FH in Manipur Journal of Aquaculture, 18: 23-29.
Bhuiyan A.L. (1964). Fishes of Dacca. Asiatic Society of Pakistan, Dacca. 148 p.
Billiard R., Bieniarz K., Peter R.E., Sokolowska M., Weil C. (1984). Effect of LHRH and LHRH-a on plasma GtH levels and maturation/ovulation in common carp, Cyprinus carpio kept under various environmental conditions. Aquaculture, 41: 245-254.
CAMP Report. (1998). Report of the workshop on Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (CAMP) for Freshwater Fishes of India. Zoo Outreach organization and NBFGR, Luckhnow, 22-26: 156 p.
Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (CAMP) Report. (1998). Freshwater fishes of India, National Bureau Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow and Zoo Outreach Organization Coimbatore. 327 p.
Das S.K., Kalita N. (2003). Captive breeding of Peacock Eel, Macrognathus aculeatus. Journal of Assam Agriculture University, 8(3): 35-36.
De Silva S.S. (2012). Aquaculture: a newly emergent food production sector and perspectives of its impacts on biodiversity and conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 21(12): 3187-3220.
Dey S., Ramanujam S.N., Mahapatra B.K. (2014). Breeding and development of ornamental hill stream fish Devario aequipinnatus (McClelland) in captivity. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 1(4): 01- 07.
Diana J.S. (2009). Aquaculture production and biodiversity conservation. Bioscience, 59 (1): 27-38.
FAO (2011a). World aquaculture 2010. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper 500/1, Rome.
Farid S.M., Miah M.I., Habib M.A.B., Rahman M.M. (2008). Effect of pituitary gland (PG) doses on artificial propagation of endangered Tara baim, Macrognathus aculeatus (Bloch). Progress of Agriculture, 19(2): 111-118.
Froese R., Pauly D. (2006). Fish Base, World-wide Web Electronic Publication. http://www.fishbase.org
Galib S.M., Samad M.A., Mohsin A.B.M., Flowra F.A., Alam M.T. (2009). Present status of fishes in the Chalan beel. The largest beel (wetland) of Bangladesh. International Journal of Animal Fishery Sciences, 2(3): 214-218.
Islam S., Shah S., Rahi L. (2011). Study of fecundity and induced breeding of Mystus vittatus. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, 39(2): 205-212.
Karim M.A., Hossain A. (1972). Studies on the biology of Mastacembelus pancalus (Ham.) in artificial ponds. Part II. Sexual maturity and fecundity. Bangladesh Journal of Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 1: 15-18.
Kimmel C.B., Ballard W.W., Kimmel S.R., Ullmann B., Schilling T.F. (1995). Stages of embryonic development of the zebra fish. Developmental Dynamics, 203: 253-310.
Maitland P.S. (1995). The conservation of freshwater fish: past and present experience. Biological Conservation, 72(2): 259-270.
Malla S., Banik S. (2015). Reproductive biology of an endangered catfish, Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch, 1794) in the lotic water bodies of Tripura, North-East India. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 2(4): 251-260.
Miah M.I., Mamun A.A., Khan M.M.R., Rahman M.M. (2008). Dose optimization with pituitary gland hormone for induced breeding of bata fish (Labeo bata). Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 37(1): 70-77.
Meffe G.K. (1990). Genetic approaches to conservation of rare fishes: examples from North American desert species. Journal of Fish Biology, 37: 105-112.
Nagarajan M. (2012). Induced spawning and larval rearing of Mystus armatus (Day) under captive condition. International Journal of Applied Biological Research, 14: 1-3.
Oliveira K., Hable W.E. (2010). Artificial maturation, fertilization, and early development of American eel (Anguilla rostrata). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 88: 1121-1128.
Pandey A.K., Mohapatra C.T., Kanungo G., Sarkar M., Sahoo G.C., Singh B.N. (2002a). Ovatide induced spawning in the Indian major carps, Labeo rohita (Hamilton-Buchanan). Aquaculture, 3(1): 1-4.
Pandey A.K., Koteeswaran R., Singh B.N. (2002b). Breeding of fishes with synthetic hormone drug Ovatide for mass scale seed production. Aquaculture, 3: 137-142.
Peter R.E., Sokolowska R., Nahorniak C.S. (1986). Comparison of (D-Arg 6, Trap7, Leu8, Pro9Net) luteinising hormone (LHRA) in combination with pimozide, instimulating gonadotropin release and ovulation in the gold fish Carrassius auratus. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 65: 987-991.
Philippart J.C. (1995). Is captive breeding an effective solution for the preservation of endemic species? Biological Conservation, 72(2): 281-295.
Purkayastha S., Sarma S., Singh A.S., Biswas S.P. (2012). Captive breeding of an endangered fish Ompok pabda (Hamilton- Buchanan) with ovatide from Guwahati, Assam. Asian Journal of Experimental Biological Science, 3(2): 267-271.
Raghavan R., Dahanukar N., Tlusty M.F., Rhyne A.L., Kumar K.K., Molur S., Rosser A.M. (2013). Uncovering an obscure trade: threatened freshwater fishes and the aquarium pet markets. Biological Conservation, 164: 158-169.
Rahman A.K.A. (1989). Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 364 p.
Rahman M.M., Miah M.I., Hasan K.R., Farid S.M. (2011). Effects of pituitary gland doses on artificial propagation of Guchi Baim, Mastacembelus pancalus (Hamilton). Journal of Bangladesh Agriculture University, 9(2): 305-310.
Routray P., Verma D.K., Sarkar S.K., Sarangi N. (2007). Recent advances in carp seed production and milt cryopreservation. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 33: 413-427.
Serajuddin M., Mustafa S. (1994). Feeding specialization in adult spiny eel, Mastacembelus armatus. Asian Fisheries Science, 7: 63-65.
Serajuddin M., Ali R. (2005). Food and feeding habits of striped spiny eel, Macrognathus pancalus (Hamilton). Indian Journal of Fisheries, 52(1): 81.86.
Suresh V.R., Biswas B.K., Vinci G.K., Mitra K., Mukherjee A. (2006). Biology and fishery of barred spiny eel, Macrognathus pancalus (Hamilton). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 36: 31-37.
Swarup K., Srivastava S., Das V.K. (1972). Sexual dimorphism in the spiny eel, Mastacembelus pancalus. Current Science, 41(2): 68-69.
Talwar P.K. Jhingran A. (1991): Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Oxford and IBS publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 1158 p.
Udit U.K., Reddy A.K., Kumar P., Rather M.A., Das R., Singh D.K. (2014). Induced breeding, embryonic and larval development of critically endangered fish Puntius sarana (Hamilton, 1822) under captive Condition. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 24(1): 159-166.
Umezawa A., Otake T., Hirokawa J., Tsukamoto K., Okiyama M. (1991). Development of the eggs and larvae of the pike eel, Muraenesox cinereus. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 38-41.