Circulatory system of red tail catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus Bloch & Schneider, 1801): a corrosion cast study

Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Hooman Rahmati-Holasoo, Mehrdad Ardeshiri, Hoseinali Ebrahimzadeh Mousavi, Javad Sadeghinezhad


Red tail catfish, Phractocephalus hemioliopterus, in one of the popular ornamental fish. The present study is aimed to describe and visualizes the cardiovascular system of this species with corrosion cast study method. For this purpose, 10 red tail catfish with 580 gr average weight were obtained and were filled their blood vessels and heart with fluid artificial resin made on the basis of methylmetacrylate after anaesthetizing and euthanizing. For complete polymerization and hardening of the methylmetacrylate, the fish were further submersed for 12-24 hrs in water bath following by 24-48 hrs submersion in a 25% solution of KOH to full maceration. Based on the results we describe the cardiovascular system i.e. the afferent and efferent vessels of gill, different parts of the heart, ventral aorta, dorsal aorta, intestinal and gastric vessels, liver, anterior and posterior parts of the kidneys, spleen, portal and hepatic vein.


Circulatory system, Red tail catfish, Corrosion cast, Physiology.

Full Text:



Basten B.L., Sherman R.L., Lametschwandtner A., Spieler R.E. (2009). A unique vascular conFiguration among the efferent branchial arteries and splanchnic arteries in the yellow stingray (Urobatis jamaicensis). Microscopy and Microanalysis, 15: 194-196.

Boland E.J., Olson K.R. (1979). Vascular organization of the catfish gill filament. Cell and Tissue Research, 198: 487-500.

Chansue N., Tangtrongpiros J. (1998). Case report: Surgical removal of plastic plant and clay pot from red tail catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus) stomach. In 24. Thai Veterinary Medical Association and 4. Thailand Veterinary Practitioner Association Meeting, Bangkok (Thailand), 5-7 Aug 1998.

Ebrahimzadeh M.H., Vajhi A.R., Hosseini F., Sharifpour I., Tajik P. (2006). Non-surgical removal of some stones from a red tailed catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus) stomach as gastric foreign bodies. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 6: 35-42.

Ghadam M., Ebrahimzadeh M.H.A., Rahmati‐Holasoo H., Shafiei S. (2016). Comparative study of the circulatory system of common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) and beluga (Huso huso Linnaeus, 1758): a corrosion cast study. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 32: 11-17.

Gouldin M. (1980). The fishes and forest: explorations in Amazonian natural history. University of California Press, Berkeley. 280 p.

Hossler F.E., Douglas J.E., Douglas L.E. (1986). Anatomy and morphometry of myocardial capillaries studied with vascular corrosion casting and scanning electron microscopy: a method for rat heart. Scanning Electron Microscopy, 4: 1469-1475.

Iwamizu M., Itazawa Y. (1986). Corrosion casting method for the gross anatomy of the blood vascular system of fish. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 32: 431-436.

Lloyd R., Lloyd C. (2011). Surgical removal of a gastric foreign body in a sand tiger shark, Carcharias taurus Rafinesque. Journal of Fish Disease, 34: 951–953.

Nematollahi A., Decostere A., Pasmans F., Ducatelle R., Haesebrouck F. (2003). Adhesion of high and low virulence Flavobacterium psychrophilum strains to isolated gill arches of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 55: 101-107.

Nematollahi A., Decostere A., Ducatelle R., Haesebrouck F., Pasmans F. (2005). Development of a gut perfusion model as an alternative to the use of live fish. Laboratory Animals, 39: 194-199.

Nematollahi A., Shadkhast M., Shafeie S., Majidian F. (2011). Circulatory system of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum): a corrosion cast study. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 27: 916-919.

Passantino L., Abbate F., Cianciotta A., Germana G.P., Patruno R., Passantino G.F. (2000). Corrosion cast of the vascularization of Mugil cephalus gills. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 105: 121-129.

Noestelthaller A., Probst A., Koenig H.E.S. (2005). Use of corrosion casting techniques to evaluate coronary collateral vessels and anastomoses in hearts of canine cadavers. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 66: 1724-1728.

Schmidt S., Lohse C.L., Suter P.F. (1980). Branching patterns of the hepatic artery in the dog: arteriographic and anatomic study. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 41: 1090-1097.

Sherman R.L., Lametschwandtner A., Spieler R.E. (2005). Structural variation in gill vasculature among some batoid elasmobranchs examined using corrosion casting and SEM. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 11: 1218-1219.

Sherman R.L., Spieler R.E. (1998). Examination of gill vasculature of yellow stingray, Urolophus jamaicensis (Urolophidae), by SEM observations of resin casts. Italian Journal of Zoology, 65: 431-434.

Souza C.A., Hashimoto D.T., Pereira L.H.G., Oliveira C., Foresti F., Porto-Foresti F. (2012). Development and characterization of microsatellite loci in Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) and their cross-species amplification in six related species. Conservation Genetics Resources, 4: 499-501.

Syed Ali S., Korf H.W., Oksche A. (1987). Microvasculature of the pineal organ of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Cell and Tissue Research, 250: 425-429.

Wildgoose W.H. (1998). Successful removal of a gastric foreign body from a red tailed catfish Phractocephalus hemioliopterus. Fish Veterinary Journal, 3: 20-26.

Yoon H.Y., Jeong S.W., Choi Y.M., Jeong M.k., Kim J.Y., Han H.J., Hwang M., No B.K., Park S.H. (2004). Surgical removal of stones in the stomach of a tiger shovelnose catfish. Journal of Veterinary Science, 5: 275-277

Zeindler C.M., Kratky R.G., Roach M.R. (1989). Quantitative measurements of early atherosclerotic lesions on rabbit aortae from vascular casts. Atherosclerosis, 76: 245-255.


  • There are currently no refbacks.