Effect of mixed and artificial feeding on the growth performance of Gattan Luciobarbus xanthopterus Heckel, 1843 larvae
This work aimed to study the rearing feasibility of Luciobarbus xanthopterus larvae using artificial and mixed (live (Chlorella sp.) + artificial) food and their effects on their growth performance during early development. Larvae (1.65 cm in length and 0.02 g weight) were obtained from a Marine Science Hatchery and cultured in indoor tanks for 35 days. the larvae fed mixed feed T1 and artificial feed T2 (fish meal + soybean meal). The results showed that the larvae of T1 treatment outperformed significantly in final length, final weight, final weight gain, daily and specific growth rate, which amounted to 3.44 cm, 0.3568 g, 0.3368 g, 0.0096 g/day, and 8.2185 % weight/day, respectively. Also, the results showed that larvae fed on T1 grew faster. The present study showed that applying a mixture of artificial and live food after four weeks' age i.e. after absorption of the yolk sac for feeding larvae can reduce the costs of producing and providing better growth and survival rates.
Akbari P., Imanpoor M., Sudagar M., Makhdomi N.M. (2010). Comparison between live food and artificial diet on survival rate, growth and body chemical composition of Oncorhynchus mykiss larvae. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 9(1): 19-32.
Al-Azawi A.H., Al-Rudainy A.J., Rassoki R.H., Abbas L.M. (1999). Saltwater tolerance of Gattan Barbus xanthopterus using sudden and gradual transfer to drainage water. Journal of Basrah Researches, 22(1): 65-72.
Al-Mahdawi G.J., Al-Rudainy A.J., Al-Shamma’a A.A.; Rhig A., Mosa K.M. (1996). Culture of Kattan, Barbus xanthopterus in earthen ponds. Basrah Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 9(2): 63-66.
Almukhtar M.A., Saleh J.H., Jaber A.A., Al-Zaidi F.M., Hassan A.M., Hussoni K.H., Abdul-Ghani S., Al-Shawei N.H. (2009). Artificial propagation of Gattan (Barbus xanthopterus Heckel) in Basrah, Iraq. Iraqi Journal of Aquaculture, 6(2): 71-94.
Al-Najare G.A. (2020). The use of fish diversity as a guide for assessing the marshes environment using life evidence in the east Al-Hammar Marsh, southern Iraq. Ph.D. thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Basra. 261 p.
Al-Rudainy A.J. (2002). Ecology and stock assessment of three cyprinids species in man-made lake, west of Baghdad. Ph.D. thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Iraq. 78 p.
Al-Rudainy A.J., Al-Nasiri S.K., Hussain T.S. (2004). Nature food of gattan, Barbus xanthopterus in man-made lakes, west of Baghdad. Marina Mesopotamica, 19(2): 257-266.
Al-Rudainy A.J., Hassan H.A., Ahmed S.S., Saad S.A., Hussain Y.S. (2002). Age and Growth of Barbus xanthopterus in Euphrates River near Al-Hindia barrier. Journal of Fisheries, 21: 78-80.
Al-Rudainy A.J., Salman N.A., Al-Mahdawi G.J.A.A., Ruhaige A.M., Fadil A.A., Farhan R.K., Abbas I.K. (1997). Intensive culture of gattan Barbus xanthopterus in earthen ponds. Basrah Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 10(1): 77-92.
Bawazeer A.S. (1981). Age and growth of Gattan Barbus xanthopterus (Heckel) and Shabbout Barbus grypus (Heckel) in AL Habbaniyah lake, M.Sc. thesis, University of Baghdad. 127 p.
Bengtson D.A. (2003). Status of marine aquaculture in relation to live prey: Past, present and future. In: Stottrup J.G., McEvoy, L.A. (Eds.): Live Feeds in Marine Aquaculture. Oxford. pp: 1-16.
Campanella L., Crescentin G., Avion P. (1999). Chemical composition and nutritional evaluation of some natural and commercial food products based on Spirulina. Analysis, 27: 533-540.
Daniel N. (2018). A review on replacing fish meal in aqua feeds using plant protein sources. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 6(2): 164-179.
FAO (2011). The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Rome, Italy. 160 p.
FAO (2014). The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. FAO, Rome.
FAO (2020). The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. (Sustainability in action). Rome, Italy, 206 p.
Garcia S.M., Delivea Moreno J.I., Garinar R. (2005). Review of the state of world marine fishery resources. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 457, Rome. 235 p.
Ghazi A.H. (2009). Using the natural live food in feeding of Al Gattan larvae (Barbus xanthopterus Heckel). Iraqi Journal of Aquaculture, 6(1): 25-36.
Lavens P., Sorgeloos P. (1996) Manual on the Production and Use of Live Food for Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 361, Rome.
Lubitz J. (1963). The protein quality, digestibility and composition of algae Chlorella. Journal of Food Science, 28: 229-232.
Mandal S.C., Das P., Singh S.K., Bhagabati S.K. (2009). Feeding of aquarium fishes with natural and artificial foods: available options and future needs. Aqua International, 3: 20-23.
Phang S. (1992). Role of algae in livestock-fish integrated farming system. Proceeding of the FAO/IPT workshop on integrated livestock-fish production system. 20 December 1991, University of Malaya, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia. pp: 49-56.
Polservice Consulting Engineers (1983). Status and prospective of fisheries in Therthar, Habbaniya and Razzazah lakes. Ministery of Agriculture, Baghdad. Iraq.
Radhakrishnan D.K., AkbarAli I., Schmidt B.V., John E.M., Sivanpillai S., Vasunambesan S.T. (2020). Improvement of nutritional quality of live feed for aquaculture: An overview. Aquaculture Research, 51: 1-17.
Salama A.J. (2000). Effect of locally formulated and imported feeds on the growth and survival of Penaeid post larvae from the red sea. Journal of King Abdulaziz University, Marine Science, 11: 81-87.
Stankus A. (2021). State of world aquaculture 2020 and regional reviews: FAO webinar series. FAO Aquaculture Newsletter, 6: 17-18.
Venkataraman L.V., Becker E.W. (1985). Biotechnology and utilization of algae, The Indian experience. New Delhi and central food technology research institute, Mysore, India. 257 p.
Yesser A.T., Al-Katrani LM.A., Younis K.H., Farnar K.W., Al-Hamdany Q.H.; Abdulkareem Sh., Hassan J.M. (2016). Preparation of Artificial Diets to Barbus xanthopterus larvae and Juveniles. Iraqi Journal of Aquaculture, 13(1): 23-40.
Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Aquatic Biology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.