Reproductive cycle of Laevistrombus canarium (Littorinimorpha: Strombidae) in Krabi Province, Andaman Sea, Thailand

Authors

  • Lamai Thongboon Division of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand.
  • Saree Niyomdecha Division of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand.
  • Jintamas Suwanjarat Division of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand.
  • Chutchawan Muenpo
    chutchawan.m@psu.ac.th
    Division of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90110, Thailand.
June 25, 2022

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The mesogastropod Laevistrombus canarium, or dog conch, is a commercially valuable species in the Indo-Pacific region. However, there is no information on its reproductive cycle in Thailand. From December 2012 to January 2014, specimens of dog conch were sampled monthly from Ao Thung beach, on the Andaman Sea, southern Thailand. Seawater pH, temperature and salinity during the sampling period ranged 6.97-8.1, 28-30.8°C, and 27-34 ppt, respectively. Spawning times were investigated through standard gonadal histology and calculation of the gonad index (GI). The population’s sex ratio departed from 1:1 and females dominated. Five stages of gonad development were found in both sexes: resting, developing, mature, spawning and spent. Monthly variations in these stages and GI showed that this species exhibited two major spawning periods: December to April and August to September, and synchronicity existed between the sexes. However, spawning in females was less frequent and of shorter duration than in males. The results also revealed that spawning times of S. canarium were not related to the environmental conditions recorded at the study site. The present study classified this population of L. canarium that spawn in two clear pulses. The collected data provide baseline information to manage the resources and conservation of L. canarium in the Andaman Sea.