Review of the Silversides of Iran (Family Atherinidae)

Brian W. Coad

Abstract

The silversides or sand smelts are found in coastal areas of temperate to tropical seas and in fresh water. There are about 14 genera and 68 species with only one native species in the Caspian Sea basin, Atherina caspia. In this review, the systematics, morphology, distribution, biology, economic importance and conservation of the Caspian silverside of Iran are described, the species is illustrated, and a bibliography on this fish in Iran is provided.

Keywords

Atherina, Biology, Morphology, Caspian Sea.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abbasi K., Valipour A., Talebi Haghighi D., Sarpanah A., Nezami S. (1999). Atlas of Iranian Fishes. Gilan Inland Waters. Gilan Fisheries Research Centre, Rasht. 113 p. (In Farsi).

Abdoli A., Naderi M. (2009). Biodiversity of fishes of the southern basin of the Caspian Sea. Abzian Scientific Publications, Tehran. 243 p. (In Farsi).

Afraei M., Lalooie F. (2000). Fishes distribution assay in Tonekabon River. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 9(1): 1-14. (In Farsi).

Amri Sahebi A., Taghavi H., Fazli H. (2015). The diet of big-scale sand smelt Atherina boyeri caspia (Risso, 1810) in the southeastern coast of the Caspian Sea. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 24(1): 121-133. (In Farsi).

Bamber R.N., Henderson P.A. (1985). Morphological variation in British atherinids, and the status of Atherina presbyter Cuvier (Pisces: Atherinidae). Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 25: 61-76.

Berg L.S. (1948-1949). Freshwater fishes of the USSR and adjacent countries. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem (1962-1965). 3 volumes.

Coad B.W. (1987). Zoogeography of the Freshwater Fishes of Iran. In: F. Krupp, W. Schneider, R. Kinzelbach (Eds.). Proceedings of the Symposium on the Fauna and Zoogeography of the Middle East, Mainz, 1985. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, Reihe A (Naturwissenschaften), 28, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden. Pp: 213-228.

Coad B.W. (1998). Systematic biodiversity in the freshwater fishes of Iran. Italian Journal of Zoology, 65 (Supplement): 101-108. (Proceedings of the Ninth Congress of European Ichthyologists (CEI-9) "Fish Biodiversity" organised in Naples at the University Federico II and held in Trieste - Italy, 24-30 August 1997).

Coad B.W., Abdoli A. (1996). Biodiversity of Iranian freshwater fishes. Abzeeyan, 7(1): 4-10. (In Farsi).

Dobrovolov I.S., Ivanaova P.P. (1999). Biochemical comparison of the Atherina boyeri and Atherina mochon pontica (Pisces, Atherinidae). Folia Zoologica, 48(1): 55-60.

Eschmeyer W.N., Fong J.D. (2011). Pisces. In: Z-Q. Zhang (Ed.). Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 26-38.

Esmaeili H.R., Coad B.W., Mehraban H.R., Masoudi M., Khaefi R., Abbasi K., Mostafavi H., Vatandsoust S. (2014). An updated checklist of fishes of the Caspian Sea basin of Iran with a note on their zoogeography. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 1(3): 152-184.

Ghoorbanalidoost G., Kayvan A., Ramin M. (2003). Morphology and population structure of Atherina boyeri in the southern Caspian Sea. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 12(2): 63-78. (In Farsi).

Haddadi Moghadam K., Tavakoli M., Pazhand Z.A., Roufchahi R., Choubian F., Parand Avar H. (2009). Summer and winter feeding behaviour in Acipenser persicus and Acipenser stellatus in the south Caspian Sea. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 18(2): 13-26. (In Farsi).

Henderson P.A., Bamber R.N. (1987). On the reproductive biology of the sand smelt Atherina boyeri Risso (Pisces: Atherinidae) and its evolutionary potential. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 32: 395-415.

Heydarnejad M.S. (2009). Length-weight relationships for six freshwater fish species in Iran. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 27(1): 61-62.

Holčík J. Oláh J. (1992). Fish, fisheries and water quality in Anzali Lagoon and its watershed. Report prepared for the project-Anzali Lagoon productivity and fish stock investigations. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, FI:UNDP/IRA/88/001 Field Document 2: 109 p.

IUCN. (2014). The IUCN red list of threatened species. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland (http://www.iucnredlist.org/).

Izci L., Günlü A., Bilgin Ş. (2011). Production of fish chips from sand smelt (Atherina boyeri, Risso 1810) and determination of some quality changes. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 10(2): 230-241.

Karimpour M. (1998). The ichthyofauna of Anzali Lagoon. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 7(2): 83-94 (In Farsi).

Kiabi B.H., Abdoli A., Naderi M. (1999). Status of the fish fauna in the South Caspian Basin of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 18: 57-65.

Kiener A., Spillmann C.J. (1972). Note complémentaire à l'étude systématique et écologique d'Atherina boyeri Risso (Poissons, Cyprinidae) dans sa zone de dispersion actuelle. Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Zoologie, Paris, 3(5541): 563-580.

Kosarev A.N., Yablonskaya E.A. (1994). The Caspian Sea. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague. 259 p.

Krylov V.I. (1984). An estimate of the effect of the Caspian seal (Pusa caspica) on fish populations. Canadian Translation of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 5066: 15 p.

Lönnberg E. (1900). Contributions to the ichthyology of the Caspian Sea. Kunglica Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, 26(IV)(8): 3-38. Vestnik Rybopromyshlennosti, St. Petersburg 16: 30-39.

Meshkov M.M. (1941). On the systematics of the fish of the family Atherinidae from the Black and Caspian seas. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Otdel Biologicheskikh Nauk, 3: 400-406.

Miller P.J. (2003). The Freshwater fishes of Europe. Volume 8/I. Mugilidae, Atherinidae, Atherinopsidae, Blenniidae, Odontobutidae, Gobiidae 1. AULA-Verlag, Wiebelsheim. 404 p.

Naseka A.M., Bogutskaya N.G. (2009). Fishes of the Caspian Sea: zoogeography and updated check-list. Zoosystematica Rossica, 18(2): 295-317.

Nelson J.S. (2006). Fishes of the world. Fourth Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 601 p.

Patimar R. (1995). The biology of Boyer's sand smelt population Atherina boyeri Risso 1810, in Gomishan Lagoon. M. Sc. Thesis, Tarbiat Moddaress University, Tehran. (In Farsi).

Patimar R., Yousefi M., Hosieni S.M. (2009). Age, growth and reproduction of the sand smelt Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810 in the Gomishan wetland-southeast Caspian Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 81(4): 457-462

Reshetnikov Yu.S., Bogutskaya N.G., Vasil'eva E.D., Dorofeeva E.A., Naseka A.M., Popova O.A., Savvaitova K.A., Sideleva V.G., Sokolov L I. (1997). An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. Journal of Ichthyology, 37(9): 687-736.

Roshan Tabari M. (1997). Hydrological and hydrobiological study in the Syiah-rud River. Iranian Fisheries Scientific Journal, 6(2): 27-42 (In Farsi).

Savenkova T.P., Asanov A.Yu. (1991). The Caspian silverside, Atherina boyeri caspia, in the lower reaches of the Atrek River. Journal of Ichthyology, 31(6): 134-138.

Vasil'eva E.D. (1994). Skull morphology of atherine fishes of the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, and the Caspian Sea, and certain problems of the systematics of the genus Atherina (Atherinidae). Journal of Ichthyology, 34(9): 125-140.

Vasil'eva E.D. (1996). Cranial data and some problems in the systematics of the genus Atherina (Atherinidae). Publicaciones Especiales Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 21: 199-204.

Whitehead P.J.P., Bauchot M.-L., Hureau J.-C., Nielsen J., Tortonese E. (1984-1986). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Volume I: 1-510; Volume II: 511-1007; Volume III: 1008-1473.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.