Anticoagulant effectiveness of glycosaminoglycan extracted from the scale of Binni, Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Cyprinidae)

Hanaa A. Abdulameer, Alyaa I. Aldebs, Neeran F. Hassan

Abstract

Fishery wastes are one of natural resources to extract bioactive substances such as collagen and glycosaminoglycan (GAG). The anticoagulant activity of glycosaminoglycans extracted from Binni fish, Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi scales was the aim of this study. The cationic salt of cetyl pyridinium chloride was used to extract the glycosaminoglycan. The structure of the isolated glycosaminoglycan was identified by ELISE glycosaminoglycan kit and compared to that of heparin. Prothrombin time (PT), and thrombin time (TT) on plasma of male mice at three concentrations of 20, 40, and 100 g/ml were used to determine the coagulant property of the extracted substance. The extracted glycosaminoglycan was calculated to be around 27.7 mg/g of dry tissue. The presence of heparin-like molecules in the glycosaminoglycan isolated from fish scales was confirmed by ELISE GAG kit. When the concentration of isolated glycosaminoglycan was increased, the time to coagulate rose. The PT and TT coagulation times were 4:1 and 2:1. Times faster than the control at 100 g/ml. When compared to synthetic anticoagulant substances like heparin, the glycosaminoglycan isolated from fish scales displayed good anticoagulation qualities.

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