Ageing Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): A comparative study between scales and otoliths

Khaled Y. Abouelfadl, Walid Aly, Alaa G.M. Osman

Abstract

This study is the first to compare age estimates based on scales and otoliths of the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, from Lake Nasser, Egypt. Ageing precision between readers was estimated by calculating the percent agreement between three independent readers, and the coefficient of variation (CV) ages estimated from otoliths and scales. The relation between the total length of fish and the radius of its scale and otolith was determined and appeared to be linear. The estimated age composition of the O. niloticus included six age groups estimated using scales and five age groups estimated by otoliths. The relative precision (CV and SD) of ages estimated from otolith was higher than that from scales. Higher percentages of agreement of overall annuli identification and age assignment between readers were noted in otoliths comparing to that in scales. Scale showed some inaccurate estimation in the age of fish older than 4. The precision and bias information in this study will be beneficial to fisheries professionals in assessing the age of Nile tilapia and other cichlids in the future.

Keywords

Relative precision, Percent agreement, Age groups, Longevity.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abecasis D., Bentes L., Coelho R., Correia C., Lino P. G., Monteiro P., Gonçalves J. M. S., Ribeiro J., Erzini K. (2008). Ageing seabreams: a comparative study between scales and otoliths. Fisheries Research, 89: 37-48.

Adam E.A. (2004). Stock assessment of some important commercial fish species of Lake Nasser, Egypt. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Science, Assiut University. 262 p.

Admassu D., Casselman J.M. (2000). Otolith age determination for adult tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L. from Lake Awassa (Ethiopian Rift Valley) by interpreting biannuli and differentiating biannual recruitment. Hydrobiologia, 418: 15-24.

Agaypi M.Z. (1992). Studies on length-weight relationship of Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon galilaeus of the High Dam Lake. Working Report of Fishery Management Center, Aswan, Egypt, 1: 11-24.

Anonymous. (1997). Investigation of Lake Qarun ecosystem. Final Report Submitted to USAID. National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Cairo, Egypt. 247 p.

Bahuguna P. (2013). Age determination and growth rate of freshwater fish Puntius conchonius (Ham.-Buch) by a use of trunk vertebrae. Periodic Research, 2: 46-51.

Beamish R.J. (1979). Differences in the age of Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) using whole otoliths and sections of otoliths. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 36: 141-51.

Beamish R.J., McFarlane G.A. (1987). Current trends in age determination methodology. In: R.C. Summerfelt, G.E. Hall (Eds.). Age and Growth of Fish. Iowa State University Press: Ames, IA. pp: 15-42.

Booth A.J., Merron G.S., Buxton C.D. (1995). The growth of Oreochromis andersonii (Pisces: Cichlidae) from the Okavango Delta, Botswana, and a comparison of the scale and otolith methods of ageing. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 43: 171-78.

Boxrucker J. (1986). A comparison of the otolith and scale methods for aging white crappies in Oklahoma. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 6: 122-25.

Branstetter S., Stiles R. (1987). Age and growth estimates of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, from the northern Gulf of Mexico. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 20: 169-81.

Brothers E. B. (1979). Age and growth studies on tropical fishes. Stock Assessment for Tropical Small-Scale Fisheries, 119-36.

Bwanika G.N., Murie D.J., Chapman L.J.. (2007). Comparative age and growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) in lakes Nabugabo and Wamala, Uganda. Hydrobiologia, 589: 287-301.

Cailliet G.M., Andrews A.H., Burton E.J., Watters D.L., Kline D.E., Ferry-Graham L.A. (2001). Age determination and validation studies of marine fishes: do deep-dwellers live longer?. Experimental gerontology, 36: 739-64.

Campana S.E. (2001). Accuracy, precision and quality control in age determination, including a review of the use and abuse of age validation methods. Journal of fish biology, 59: 197-242.

El-Bokhty E.E.B., Ibrahim A., El-Bitar T. (2013). Assessment of Oreochromis niloticus caught off Lake Borollus, Egypt. Global Veterinaria, 10: 708-15.

El-Kasheif M.A., Authman M.M.N., Al-Ghamdi F.A., Ibrahim S.A., El-Far AM. (2015). Biological Aspects and Fisheries Management of Tilapia Fish Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) in El-Bahr El-Faraouny Canal, Al-Minufiya Province, Egypt. Journal of Fisheries and aquatic Science, 10: 405-44.

El-Sawy W.M.T. (2006). Some biological aspects of dominant fish populations in Lake Edku in relation to prevailing environmental conditions. M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University. 231 p.

Fowler A.J. (2009). Age in years from otoliths of adult tropical fish. In: B.S. Green, B.D.Mapstone, G. Carlos, G.A. Begg (Eds.). Tropical fish otoliths: information for assessment, management and ecology . Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 11.Springer. pp: 55-92

GAFRD (2017). General Authority For Fish Resources Development. Fish Statistics 2017 Yearbook, Ministry of Agriculture. Egypt. 27. 118 p.

Garrod D.J. (1959). The growth of Tilapia esculenta Graham in Lake Victoria. Hydrobiologia, 12: 268-98.

Gauldie R.W., Coote G., West I.F., Radtke R.L. (1990). The influence of temperature on the fluorine and calcium composition of fish scales. Tissue and Cell, 22: 645-54.

Gómez-Márquez J.L., Peña-Mendoza B., Salgado-Ugarte I.H., Arredondo-Figueroa J.L. (2008). Age and growth of the tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from a tropical shallow lake in Mexico. Revista de Biología Tropical, 56: 875-84.

Gunn J.S., Clear N.P., Carter T.I., Rees A.J., Stanley C.A., Farley J.H., Kalish J.M. (2008). Age and growth in southern bluefin tuna, Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau): direct estimation from otoliths, scales and vertebrae. Fisheries Research, 92: 207-20.

Hassan A., El-Kasheif M. (2013). Age, growth and mortality of the cichlid fish Oreochromis niloticus (L.) from the River Nile at Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 17: 1-12.

Hecht T. (1980). A comparison of the otolith and scale methods of ageing, and the growth of Sarotherodon mossambicus (pisces: Gchlidae) in a Venda impoundment (Southern Africa). African Zoology, 15: 222-28.

Huish M.T. (1954). Life history of the black crappie of Lake George, Florida. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 83: 176-93.

Ilieş I., Traniello I.M., Sirbulescu R.F., Zupanc G.K.H. (2014). Determination of relative age using growth increments of scales as a minimally invasive method in the tropical freshwater Apteronotus leptorhynchus. Journal of Fish Biology, 84: 1312-25.

Kalish J.M. (1989). Otolith microchemistry: validation of the effects of physiology, age and environment on otolith composition. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 132: 151-78.

Karakiri M., von Westernhagen H. (1989). Daily growth patterns in otoliths of larval and juvenile plaice (Pleuronectes platessa L.): influence of temperature, salinity, and light conditions. Rapports et Procès-verbaux des Réunions du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 191: 390-99.

Khalifa U.S. (2000). Management and population dynamics of some exploited fish species in Wadi El-Raiyan lakes. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Science, Cairo University. 246 p.

Kimura D.K., Lyons J.J. (1991). Comparisons of scale and otolith ages for Walleye Pollock. AFSC Processed Report: 91-06.

Kruse C.G., Guy C.S., Willis D.W. (1993). Comparison of otolith and scale age characteristics for black crappies collected from South Dakota waters. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 13: 856-58.

Latif A.F.A., Khallaf E.A. (1987). Growth and mortality of Tilapia species in Lake Nasser. Journal of Faculty of Science, Almenofeya University, Shebeen Alkoom, Egypt, 1: 34-53.

Lecomte F., Meunier F.J., Rojas-Beltran R. (1989). Some data on the growth of Arius proops (Ariidae, Siluriforme) in the estuaries of French Guyana. Aquatic living resources, 2: 63-68.

Lowerre-Barbieri S.K., Chittenden M.E. Jr, Jones C.M. (1994). A comparison of a validated otolith method to age weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, with the traditional scale method. Fishery Bulletin, 92(3): 555-568.

Lozano I.E., Vegh S.L., Dománico A.A., Ros A.E. (2014). Comparison of scale and otolith age readings for trahira, Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794), from Paraná River, Argentina. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30: 130-34.

Hussian M.A., Aly W., Morsi H.H. (2019). Feeding on phytoplankton profile of two African Cichlids in large reservoir, Lake Nasser, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, 23: 451-64.

Maceina M.J., Sammons S.M. (2006). An evaluation of different structures to age freshwater fish from a northeastern US river. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 13: 237-42.

Mekkawy I.A.A., Mohamad S.H., Abass F.F., Okasha S.A. (1994). Some biological aspects of Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) from Lake Nasser, Egypt and the effect of lake impoundment. Bulltin of Faculty of Science, Assiut University, 23: 101-42.

Metcalf S.J., Swearer S.E. (2005). Non‐destructive ageing in Notolabrus tetricus using dorsal spines with an emphasis on the benefits for protected, endangered and fished species. Journal of fish biology, 66: 1740-47.

Muir A.M., Ebener M.P., He J.X., Johnson J.E.. (2008). A comparison of the scale and otolith methods of age estimation for lake whitefish in Lake Huron. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 28: 625-35.

Murie D.J., Parkyn D.C. (2005). Age and growth of white grunt (Haemulon plumieri): a comparison of two populations along the west coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science, 76: 73-93.

Oppenheimer M. (1989). Climate change and environmental pollution: physical and biological interactions. Climatic Change, 15: 255-70.

Pannella G. (1974). Otolith growth patterns: an aid in age determination in temperate and tropical fishes. In: T.B. Bagenal (Ed). The ageing of fish, Unwin Brothers. pp: 28-39.

Phelps Q.E., Edwards K.R., Willis D.W. (2007). Precision of five structures for estimating age of common carp. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 27: 103-05.

Pilling G.M., Grandcourt E.M., Kirkwood G.P. (2003). The utility of otolith weight as a predictor of age in the emperor Lethrinus mahsena and other tropical fish species. Fisheries Research, 60: 493-506.

Schramm H.L.Jr, Doerzbacher J.F. (1985). Use of otoliths to age black crappie from Florida. In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. pp: 95-105.

Shalloof K.A.S., El-Far M.A., Aly W. (2020). Feeding habits and trophic levels of cichlid species in tropical reservoir, Lake Nasser, Egypt. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 46(2): 159-165.

Shenouda T.S., Azim M.E., Abbas F.F., Adam E.A. (1995). Comparative age and growth studies on two tilapia species from the High Dam Lake within twenty years and signs of their overfishing. Journal of Egyptian German Socity of Zoology, 18: 15-44.

Shepherd J.G. (1988). An exploratory method for the assessment of multispecies fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 44: 189-99.

Sukhanov V.V. (2016). Age-distribution models for fish in catches. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 42(2): 111-116.

Talaat K.M.M. (1979). Application of Some Growth Models on Tilabia Populations in Lake Nasser and Some Other Areas of Egyptian Inland Waters. M.Sc. thesis, Faculity of Science, Alexandria University. 182 p.

Welch T.J., van den Avyle M.J., Betsill R.K., Driebe E.M. (1993). Precision and relative accuracy of striped bass age estimates from otoliths, scales, and anal fin rays and spines. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 13: 616-20.

Yamaguchi Y., Hirayama N., Koike A., Adam E.A. (1990). Age determination and growth of Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon galilaeus in High Dam Lake, Egypt. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 56: 437-43.

Yosef T.G., Casselman J.M. (1995). A procedure for increasing the precision of otolith age determination of tropical fish by differentiating biannual recruitment. In: D.H. Sector, J.M.Dean, S.E. Campana (Eds). Recent developments in fish otolith research. University of South Carolina, Columia. pp: 247-269.

Zymonas N.D., McMahon T.E.. (2009). Comparison of pelvic fin rays, scales and otoliths for estimating age and growth of bull trout, Salvelinus confluentus. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 16: 155-164.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.