Prey identification of invasive peacock bass from Telabak Lake Malaysia using DNA barcoding technique

Aliyu Garba Khaleel, Najlaa Nawwarah Rusli, Nurul Izzati Mohd Radzif, Aiman Syafiq Muhd Nasir, Mohamad Zulkarnain Mohd Dali, Norshida Ismail, Hou Chew Ha, Ahmad Syazni Kamarudin

Abstract

Invasive peacock bass Cichla spp. have recently invaded freshwater habitats across Malaysia. Stomach contents of 135 peacock bass captured from the Telabak Lake of East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia were analysed. The preys were examined using visual identification method and mitochondrial DNA barcoding technique to identify the partial digested and decaying preys in the stomach. The current study identified 7 prey species (6 fishes 43.0% and 1 shrimp 5.1%) belongs to 5 families in fishes’ stomach. The results revealed that peacock bass is highly predator and generalist feeder with an opportunistic feeding behaviour. It is highly important to reduce and monitor the abundance of this species for future survival of native species in the lake.

Keywords

Conservation, Feeding habit, Invasive species.

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References

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