Age and sex specific variation in hematological and serum biochemical parameters of Beluga (Huso huso Linnaeus, 1758)

Reza Akrami, Ahmad Gharaei, Roghayeh Karami


In the present study, the age- and sex-specific changes of various haematological and blood serum biochemical blood parameters of Beluga (Huso huso) were investigated. Blood samples were collected from 4-, 6-, 7-, and 8-year-old beluga (n = 7 for each sex and age). The specimens were fed at a rate of 0.5-3% body weight per day. AST and LDH levels in 7- and 8-year-old fish of both sexes were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those in 4- and 6-year-old individuals. The mean ALT were significantly different (P<0.05) in both sexes of 4-, 6-, and 7-year-old sturgeon. However, the 6-, 7-, and 8-year-old female sturgeon had higher ALP levels (P<0.05). Additionally, mean RBC, PCV, and Hb values were significantly higher (P<0.05) in 7- and 8-year-old females and males than the others. Two-tailed Pearson’s correlation between the biochemical and haematological parameters obtained for beluga sturgeon indicated significant positive correlations between AST and ALP, AST and LDH, ALP and LDH, RBC and Hb, RBC and PCV, Hb and PCV, MCH and MCHC, and MCV and MCH. However, significant negative correlations were found between RBC and MCV and MCH. These results suggest that the blood parameters of beluga are influenced by age- and sex-specific factors.


Sturgeon, Biochemical parameters, Hematology, Feeding rate

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