Seasonal heavy metal monitoring of water, sediment and common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Aras Dam Lake of Iran

Mehdi Naderi Farsani, Rezvaneh Jenabi Haghparast, Saeid Shahbazi Naserabad, Fatemeh Moghadas, Tahereh Bagheri, Mohammad Hasan Gerami

Abstract

Heavy metal in aquatic ecosystems are monitored by measuring their concentrations in water, sediments and biota. In the presented study, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, and zinc concentrations determined in water, sediment and tissues (liver and muscle) of Cyprinus carpio in Aras dam Lake of Iran, during spring, summer, autumn, and winter from 2016 to 2017. The concentration of Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu and Ni of samples were measured using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy. The concentration of Hg was analyzed using Atomic Absorption equipped with MHS 15 CVAAS. The trend in the metal mean concentrations of liver and muscle was Zn>Cu>Pb≈Ni>Cd>Hg, and water and sediment were Cu>Zn>Pb>Cd≈Ni>Hg. Heavy metals concentration was more in sediment than fish tissues and water. This results revealed that heavy metals accumulation of muscle was the highest in summer showing the most contaminated season. Whereas, winter had the lowest contamination in water (Cd،Hg, Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn), sediments (Hg, Cu, Zn, Pb, Ni), and the liver and muscle of fish (Cd, Zn, Ni, Cu). The amount of heavy metals was less or slightly higher than global standards (EPA, WHO). 

Keywords

Bioaccumulation, Pollution, Environment, Common carp.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdel-Baki A.S., Dkhil M.A., Al-Quraishy S. (2011). Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in tilapia fish relevant to their concentration in water and sediment of Wadi Hanifah, Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10: 2541-2547.

Ahmad M.K., Islam S., Rahman M.S., Haque M.R., Islam M.M. (2010). Heavy metals in water, sediment and some fishes of Buriganga River, Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research, 4: 321-332.

Alam M.G.M., Tanaka A., Allinson G., Laurenson L.J.B., Stagnitti F., Snow E.T. (1980). A comparison of trace element concentrations in cultured and wild carp (Cyprinus carpio) of Lake Kasumigaura, Japan. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 53: 348-354.

Ali M.M., Ali M.L., Islam M.S., Rahman M. Z. (2016). Preliminary assessment of heavy metals in water and sediment of Karnaphuli River, Bangladesh. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management, 5: 27-35.

Ali M.H.H., Fishar M.R. (2005). Accumulation of trace metals in some benthic invertebrate and fish species relevant to their concentration in water and sediment of Lake Qarun, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 31: 289-302.

Aliko V., Qirjo M., Sula E., Morina V., Faggio C. (2018). Antioxidant defense system, immune response and erythron profile modulation in Gold fish, Carassius auratus, after acute manganese treatment. Fish Shellfish Immunology, 76: 101-109.

BenSalem Z.B., Capelli N., Laffray X., Elise G., Ayadi H., Aleya L. (2014). Seasonal variation of heavy metals in water, sediment and roach tissues in a landfill draining system pond (Etueffont, France), Ecological Engineering, 69: 25-37.

Capillo G., Silvestro S., Sanfilippo M., Fiorino E., Giangrosso G., Ferrantelli V., Vazzana I., Faggio C. (2018). Assessment of electrolytes and metals profile of the Faro Lake (Capo Peloro Lagoon, Sicily, Italy) and its impact on Mytilus galloprovincialis. Chemestry and Biodiversity, 15:1800044 p.

Cuculic V., Cukrov N., Kwokal Z., Mlakar .M. (2009). Natural and anthropogenic sources of Hg, Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn in seawater and sediment of Mljet National Park, Croatia Estuarine. Coastal and Shelf Science Journal, 81: 311-32.

Cicek A., Emiroglu Ö., Arslan N. (2009). Heavy metal concentration in fish of lake Manyas 13. In: World Lake Conference, Wuhan, China. pp: 1-5.

Drever J.I. (1997). The geochemistry of natural waters. 3rd ed.. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall. 436 p.

Duman F., Kar M. (2012). Temporal variation of metals in water, sediment and tissues of the European Chup (Squalius cephalus L.). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 89: 428-433.

EPAU. (2001). Update of ambient water quality criteria for cadmium. Agency USEP. Washington, DC: Office of Waste Regulation and Standards, Criteria and Standards Division.

FAO/WHO. (1989). Evaluation of certain food additives and the contaminants mercury, lead and cadmium. WHO Technical Report Series No. 505

Farombi E.O., Adelowo O.A., Ajimoko Y.R. (2007). Biomarkers of oxidative stress and heavy metal levels as indicators of environmental pollution in African cat fish (Clarias gariepinus) from Nigeria Ogun River. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 4: 158-165.

Fiorino E., Sehonova P., Plhalova L., Blahova J., Svobodova Z., Faggio C. (2018). Effect of glyphosate on early life stages: comparison between Cyprinus carpio and Danio rerio. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25: 8542–8549.

.

Jiang Z., Xu N., Liu B., Zhou L., Wang J., Wang C., Xiong W. (2018). Metal concentrations and risk assessment in water, sediment and economic fish species with various habitat preferences and trophic guilds from Lake Caizi, Southeast China. Ecotoxicology and environmental Safety, 157: 1-8.

Kalfakakour V., Akrida-Demertzi K. (2000). Transfer factors of heavy metals in aquatic organisms of different trophic levels. HTML Publications, 1: 768-786.

Karadede H., Ünlü E. (2000). Concentrations of some heavy metals in water, sediment and fish species from the Atatürk Dam Lake (Euphrates), Turkey. Chemosphere, 41:1371-1376.

Kim S.G., Kang J.C. (2004). Effect of dietary copper exposure on accumulation, growth and hematological parameters of the juvenile rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli. Marine Environmental Research, 58: 65-82.

Mentasti E., Nicolotti A., Porta V., Sarzanini C. (1989). Comparison of different pre-concentration methods for the determination of trace levels of arsenic, cadmium, copper, mercury, lead and selenium. Analyst, 114: 1113-1117.

Macdonald D.D., Carr R. S., Calder F.D., Long E.R., Ingersoll C.G. (1996). Development and evaluation of sediment quality guidelines for Florida coastal waters. Ecotoxicology, (4): 253-278.

Mohammadi M., Sary A.A., Khodadadi M. (2011). Determination of heavy metals in two barbs, Barbus grypus and Barbus xanthopterus in Karoon and Dez Rivers, Khoozestan, Iran. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 87: 158-162.

Mohebbi F., Mohsenpour Azari A., Heidari M., Asem A. (2012). Cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa bloom in Aras dam reservoir. International Journal of Environmental Research, 6: 309-312.

Muller G. (1969). Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine River. Geology Journal, 2: 109-118.

Nasehi F., Hassani A.H., Monavvari M., Karbassi A.R., Khorasani N. (2013). Evaluating the metallic pollution of riverine water and sediments: a case study of Aras River. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185: 197-203.

Parliament E.U. (2008). Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing. Official Journal of the European Union, 348: 84-97.

Phillips D.J. (1977). The use of biological indicator organisms to monitor trace metal pollution in marine and estuarine environments—a review. Environmental Pollution, 13: 281-317.

Plhalova L., Blahova J., Divisova L., Enevova V., Casuscelli D., Tocco F., Faggio C., Tichy F., Vecerek V., Svobodova Z. (2018). The effects of subchronic exposure to NeemAzal T/S on zebrafish (Danio rerio), Chemestry and Ecology, 34 (3): 199-210.

Rajeshkumar S., Liu Y., Zhang X., Ravikumar B., Bai G., Li X. (2018). Studies on seasonal pollution of heavy metals in water, sediment, fish and oyster from the Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake in China. Chemosphere, 191: 626-638.

Rashed M.N. (2001). Monitoring of environmental heavy metals in fish from Nasser Lake. Environment International, 27: 27-33.

Saleem M., Iqbal J., Shah M.H. (2015). Geochemical speciation, anthropogenic contamination, risk assessment and source identification of selected metals in freshwater sediments—a case study from Mangla Lake, Pakistan. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management, 4: 27-36.

Salem Z.B., Capelli N., Laffray X., Elise G., Ayadi H., Aleya L. (2014). Seasonal variation of heavy metals in water, sediment and roach tissues in a landfill draining system pond (Etueffont, France). Ecological Engineering, 69: 25-37.

Savorelli F., Manfra L., Croppo M., Tornambè A., Palazzi D., Canepa S., Trentini PL., Cicero A.M., Faggio C. (2017). Fitness Evaluation of Ruditapes philippinarum Exposed to Ni. Biology Trace Elemenet Research, 177(2): 384-393.

Suresh G., Sutharsan P., Ramasamy V., Venkatachalapathy R. (2012). Assessment of spatial distribution and potential ecological risk of the heavy metals in relation to granulometric contents of Veeranam lake sediments, India. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 84: 117-124.

Tomlinson D.L., WilsonJ. G., Harris C.R., Jeffrey D.W. (1980). Problems in the assessment of heavy-metal levels in estuaries and the formation of a pollution index. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 33(1): 566.

Vinodhini R., Narayanan M. (2008). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in organs of fresh water fish Cyprinus carpio (Common carp). International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 5(2): 179-182.

Visnjic-Jeftic Z., Jaric I., Jovanovic L., Skoric S., Smederevac-Lalic M., Nikcevic M., Lenhardt M. (2010). Heavy metal and trace element accumulation in muscle, liver and gills of the Pontic shad (Alosa immaculate, Bennet 1835) from the Danube River (Serbia). Microchemical Journal, 95(2): 341-344.

Vukosa P., Mlakar M., Cukrov N., Kwokal Ž., Pižeta I., Pavlus N., Špoljarić I., Vurnek M., Brozinčević A., Omanović D. (2014). Heavy metal contents in water, sediment and fish in a karst aquatic ecosystem of the Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(5): 3826-3839.

Wang H., Fang F., Xie H. (2010). Research situation and outlook on heavy metal pollution in water environment of China. Guangdong Trace Elements Science, 17: 14-18.

Wong C.K., Wong P.P.K., Chu L.M. (2001). Heavy metal concentrations in marine fishes collected from fish culture sites in Hong Kong. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 40(1): 60-69.

Yi Y., Tang C., Yi T., Yang Z., Zhang S. (2017). Health risk assessment of heavy metals in fish and accumulation patterns in food web in the upper Yangtze River, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 145: 295-302.

Zhang L., Shi Z., Zhang J., Jiang Z., Wang F., Huang X. (2015). Spatial and seasonal characteristics of dissolved heavy metals in the east and west Guangdong coastal waters, South China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95: 419-426.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.