Contrasting fish size distributions between Neotropical run-of-river and storage reservoirs

Louise Cristina Gomes, Pitágoras Augusto Piana, Diesse Aparecida de Oliveira Sereia

Abstract

The spectrum size has been used to assess environmental disturbances and to understanding the energy flow in ecosystems. The objective of this work was to investigate if the operation regimes of reservoirs, including run-of-river and storage systems, interfere with the biomass spectra of fish fauna. We tested the hypothesis that the run of river reservoirs present higher proportions of large individuals than storage system. Samplings of fish fauna were carried out between January 2005 and December 2007 at six Neotropical reservoirs belonging to the sub-basin Iguaçu River and Coastal basin in São Jorge River, Brazil. The spectrum calculation was performed using the Pareto type I continuous distribution model. Reservoirs operated under run-of-river regime had significantly higher values than those operated under storage regimes. This study has elucidated some impacts of reservoir operating regime on biomass spectra and indicated differences in size spectra of fish assemblages among the sampled reservoirs. Therefore, it is important to incorporate management plans that take dam operating mode into account so that conservation of aquatic fauna, especially fish, is more effective.

Keywords

Aquatic environments, Dams, Fish assemblage, Size spectrum.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Agostinho A.A., Miranda L.E., Bini L.M., Gomes L.C., Thomaz S.M., Suzuki H.I. (1999). Patterns of colonization in Neotropical reservoirs, and prognoses on aging. In: J.G. Tundisi, M. Straskraba (Eds.). Theoretical reservoir ecology and is applications, International Institute of Ecology, Brazilian Academy of Science and Backhuys Publishers. São Carlos, São Paulo. pp: 226-265.

Agostinho A.A., Gomes L.C., Zalewski M. (2001). The importance of floodplains for the dynamics of fish communities of the upper river Paraná. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, 1: 209-217.

Agostinho A.A., Gomes L.C., Pelicice F.M. (2007). Ecologia e manejo de recursos pesqueiros em reservatórios do Brasil. Maringá, Eduem. 501 p.

Andersen K.H., Beyer J.E. (2006). Asymptotic size determines species abundance in the marine size spectrum. American Naturalist, 168: 54-61.

Andersen K.H., Jacobsen N.S., Farnsworth K.D. (2015). The theoretical foundations for size spectrum models of fish communities. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73: 575-588.

Baumgartner G., Pavanelli C.S., Baumgartner D., Bifi A.G., Debona T., Frana V.A. (2012). Peixes do baixo rio Iguaçu. Maringá, Eduem. 203 p.

Benejam L., Mello F.T., Meerhoff M., Loureiro M., Jeppesen E., Brucet S. (2015). Assessing effects of change inland use on size-related variables of fish in subtropical streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73: 547-556.

Britski H.A., Silimon K.Z.S., Lopes B.S. (1999). Peixes do Pantanal: manual de identificação. Corumbá, Embrapa. 227 p.

Brown J.H., Gillooly J.F. (2003). Ecological food webs: high-quality data facilitate theoretical unification. Proceedings of the National Academy of. Science of the USA, 100: 1467-1468.

Brown J.H., Gillooly J.F., Allen A.P., Savage V.M., West G.B. (2004). Toward a metabolic theory of ecology. Ecology, 85: 1771-1789.

Conselho Federal de Medicina Veterinária (CFMV). (2002). Resolução N.714 Dispõe sobre procedimentos e métodos de eutanásia em animais, e dá outras providências. Available in: http://portal.cfmv.gov. br/portal/lei/index/id/327. Access in: 01/11/2014.

Elton C. (1927). Animal ecology. Macmillan, New York. 260 p.

Emmrich M., Brucet S., Ritterbusch D., Mehner D. (2011). Size spectra of lake fish assemblage: responses along gradients of general environmental factors and intensity of lake-use. Freshwater Biology, 56: 2316-2333.

Eschmeyer W.N. (1990). Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. San Francisco, Academic of Sciences. 697 p.

Fernando C.H., Holcik J. (1991). Fish in reservoir. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, 76: 149-167.

Gaedke U. (1992). The size distribution of plankton biomass in a large lake and its seasonal variability. Limnology and Oceanography, 37: 1202-1220.

Gaedke U. (1993). Ecosystem analysis based on biomass size distributions: a case study of the plankton community in a large lake. Limnology and Oceanography, 38: 112-127.

Gamble A.E., Lloyd R., Aiken J., Johannsson O.E., Mills E.L. (2006). Using zooplankton biomass size spectra to assess ecological change in a well-studied freshwater lake ecosystem. Oneida Lake, New York. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63: 2687-2699.

Giacomini H.C., Shuter B.J., Baum J.K. (2016). Size-based approaches to aquatic ecosystems and fisheries science: a symposium in honour of Rob Peters. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73: 471-476.

Graça W.J., Pavanelli C.S. (2007). Peixes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná e áreas adjacentes. Maringá, Eduem. 241 p.

Hahn N.S., Agostinho A.A., Gomes L.C., Bini L.M. (1998). Estrutura trófica da ictiofauna do reservatório de Itaipu (Paraná-Brasil) nos primeiros anos de sua formação. Interciencia, 23: 299-305.

Jennings S., Pinnegar J.K., Polunin N.V.C., Boon T.W. (2001). Weak cross-species relationships between body size and trophic level belie powerful size-based trophic structuring in fish communities. Journal of Animal Ecology, 70: 934-944.

Kantoussan J., Ecoutin J.M., Fontenelle G., Thiaw O.T., Morais L.T., Laё R. (2009). The relevance of size parameters as indicators of fishery exploitation in two West African reservoirs. Aquatic Ecology, 43: 1167-1178.

Kerr S.R., Dickie L.M. (2001). The biomass spectrum: a predator–prey theory of aquatic production. Columbia University Press. 352 p.

Layman C.A., Winemiller K.O., Arrington D.A., Jepsen D.B. (2005). Body size and trophic position in a diverse tropical food web. Ecology, 86: 2530-2535.

Petchey O.L., Belgrano A. (2010). Body-size distributions and size spectra: universal indicators of ecological status? Biology Letters, 1-5.

Poff N.L., Allan J.D., Bain M.B., Karr J.R., Prestegaard K.L., Richter B.D., Sparks R.E., Stromberg J.C. (1997). The natural flow regime: a paradigm for river conservation and restoration. BioScience, 47: 769-784.

Poff N.L., Hart D.D. (2002). How dams vary and why it matters for the emerging science of dam removal. BioScience, 52: 659-668.

Reuman D.C., Mulder C., Raffaelli D., Cohen J. (2008). Three allometric relations of population density to body mass: theoretical integration and empirical tests in 149 food webs. Ecology Letters, 11: 1216-1228.

Rice J., Gislason H. (1996). Patterns of change in the size spectra of numbers and diversity of the North Sea fish assemblage, as reflected in surveys and models. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53: 1214-1225.

Robertis A., Ryer C., Veloza A., Brodeur R. (2003). Differential effects of turbidity on prey consumption of piscivorous and planktivorous fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 60: 1517-1526.

Rodrigues L., Thomaz S. M., Agostinho A. A., Gomes L.C. (2005). Biocenoses em reservatórios: Padrões espaciais e temporais. São Carlos, RiMa. 333 p.

Rodríguez J., Mullin M. (1986). Relations between biomass and body-weight of plankton in a steady state oceanic system. Limnology and Oceanography, 21: 361-370.

Sato Y., Sampaio E.V., Fenerich-Verani N., Verani J.R. (2006). Biologia reprodutiva e reprodução induzida de duas espécies de Characidae (Osteichthyes, Characiformes) da bacia do São Francisco, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 23: 267-273.

Sheldon R.W., Prakash A., Suctcliffe Jr W.F. (1972). The size distribution of particles in the ocean. Limnology and Oceanography, 17: 323-340.

Shibatta O.A., Cheida C.C. (2003). Composição em tamanho dos peixes (Actinopterygii, Teleostei) de ribeirões da bacia do rio Tibagi, Paraná, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20: 469-473.

Shin Y.J., Rochet M.J., Jennings S., Field J.G., Gislason H. (2005). Using size-indicators to evaluate the ecosystem effects of fishing. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62: 384-396.

Shin Y.J., Cury P. (2004). Using an individual-based model of fish assemblages to study the response of size spectra to changes in fishing. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61: 414-431.

Sprules W.G., Barth L.E. (2015). Surfing the biomass size spectrum: some remarks on history theory, and application. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73: 477-495.

Statsoft Inc. (2005) STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7.1 www.statsoft.com

Sternberg R. (2006). Damming the river: a changing perspective on altering nature. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 10: 165-197.

Straskraba M., Tundisi J.G., Duncan A. (1993). Comparative reservoir limnology and water quality management. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Netherlands. 294 p.

Suen J.P. (2011). Determining the ecological flow regime for existing reservoir operation. Water Resources Management, 25: 817-835.

Thiebaux M.L., Dickie L.M. (1992). Models of aquatic biomass size spectra and the common structure of their solutions. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 159: 147-161.

Tundisi J.G., Matsumura-Tundisi T., Rodríguez L.S. (2003). Gerenciamento e recuperação das bacias hidrográficas dos rios Itaqueri e do Lobo e da Represa Carlos Botelho (Lobo-Broa). São Carlos, IIE. 54 p.

Van der Lee A.S., Koops M.A. (2015). Are small fishes more sensitive to habitat loss? A generic size-based model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73: 716-726.

Vidondo B., Prairie Y.T., Blanco J.M., Duarte C.M. (1997). Some aspects of the analysis of size spectra in aquatic ecology. Limnology and Oceanography, 42: 184-192.

Ward J.V., Stanford J.A. (1995). The serial descontinuity concept: extending the model to floodplain rivers. Researches and Management, 10: 159-168.

Wheeland L.J., Rose G.A. (2016). Acoustic measures of lake community size spectra. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73: 557-564.

White E.P., Ernest S.K.M., Kerkhoff A.J., Enquist B.J. (2007). Relationships between body size and abundance in ecology. Trends in Ecology and. Evolution, 22: 323-330.

White E.P., Enquist B.J., Green J.L. (2008). On estimating the exponent of power-law frequency distributions. Ecology, 89: 905-912.

Zhou M., Carlotti F., Zhu Y. (2010). A size-spectrum zooplankton closure model for ecosystem modelling. Journal of Plankton Research, 32: 1147-116.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.