Quality evaluation of the invader species, Artemia franciscana from Covelong salt works, Kelambakkam, South India

Krishnakumar Velayudhannair, Divya KR, Munuswamy Natesan

Abstract

The quality of the invader brine shrimp, Artemia franciscana, colonized in Covelong salt works, Kelambakkam (South India) was evaluated based on biometrics, hatching characteristics and nutritional composition of cyst and freshly hatched nauplii. Hydrated cysts measured 238.31±10.42 μm in diameter, while the freshly hatched nauplii measured about 429.00±12.19 μm in length. A hatching of 76.80±5.68% was obtained with hydrated cysts. Time required to obtain 90% hatching was 22.31 hrs for this strain. The hatching synchronization time was of 4.41 hrs. The proximate composition of the decapsulated cysts and newly hatched nauplii showed high level of protein, energy content and low ash content. Fatty acids analysis of the freshly hatched nauplii indicated low level of EPA and absence (or undetectable) of DHA.

Keywords

Artemia fransciscana, Biometrics, Hatching characteristics, Nutritional composition.

Full Text:

PDF

References

AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (2000). Official Methods of Analysis, 17th ed., AOAC, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Awaiss A., Kestemont P., Micha J.C. (1992). An investigation into the mass production of the freshwater rotifer Branchionus calyciflorus: an ecophysiological approach to nutrition. Aquaculture, 105: 325-336.

Barrera C.T., De Lara A.R., Castro M.J. (1994). El crustaceo Artemia franciscana alimentado con Spirulina spp. Fresca, comodieta de especies acuaticas comerciales. Hydrobiologica 4: 15-20.

Ben Naceur H., Ben Rejeb J.A., Romdhane M.S. (2012). Quality characterization of cysts of the brine shrimp Artemia salina from Tunisia focusing on their potential use in aquaculture. Journal of Biological Research Thessaloniki, 17: 16-25.

Castro T.B (1993). Biología y cultivo de Artemia franciscana en el ex Lago de Texcoco, de Ecatepec, Estado de México. Tesis Doctoral. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Conceicao L.E.C., Yufera M., Makridis P., Morais S., Dinis M.T. (2010). Live feeds for early stages of fish rearing. Aquaculture Research, 41: 613-640.

Gonzalbo A., Amat F., Hontoria F., Navarro J.C., Varo I. (1987). Composicion bioquimica de Artemia alimentada con diferentes dietas. Cuadernos Marisqueros Publ. Tec. 12: 583-590,

Gonzalbo A., Amat F. (1988). Composicion bioquímica de biomasas silvestres de Artemia (Crustácea, Branchiopoda, Anostraca). Investigacon Pesquera, 52: 375-385

Govoni J.J., Boehlert G.W., Watanabe Y. (1986). The physiology of digestion in fish larvae. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 16: 59-77.

John C.J.A, Abatzopoulos T.J, Marian P.M. (2004). Characterization of a new parthenogenetic Artemia population from Thamaraikulam, India. Journal of Biological Research, 2: 63-74.

Kanazawa A., Teshima S., Endo M. (1979). Relationship between essential fatty acid requirements of aquatic animals and the capacity for bioconversion of linolenic acid to highly unsaturated fatty acids. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 63: 295-298.

Kara M.H., Bengraine K.A., Derbal F., Chaoui L., Amarouayache M. (2004). Quality evaluation of a new strain of Artemia from Chott Marouane (Northeast Algeria). Aquaculture, 235: 361-369.

Krishnakumar V. (2012). A Studies on the outdoor culture of the brine shrimp, Artemia sp. in solar salt fields off Kelambakkam, South India and Impact of the biotic community on salt quality, Ph.D. thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Madras, India.

Lavens P., Sogeloos P. (1996). Introduction, In: P. Lavens, P. Sogeloos (Eds.). Manual on the production of and use of live food in aquaculture, FAO Fisheries technical paper, 361, Rome.

Lavens P., Sorgeloos P. (1991). Production of Artemia in culture tanks. In: R.A. Brown, P. Sorgeloos, C.N.A. Trotman (Eds.). Artemia Biology. CRC, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. pp: 317-350.

Lavens P., Sorgeloos P. (2000). The history, present status and prospects of the availability of Artemia cysts for aquaculture. Aquaculture, 181: 397-403.

Leger P.H, Bengtson, D.A., Simpson K.L., Sorgeloos P. (1986). The use and nutritional value of Artemia as a food source. Oceanography, Marine Biology Annual Review, 24: 521-623.

Naegel L.C.A., Rodrıguez S.A. (2002). Ecological observations and biomass proximate composition of the brine shrimp Artemia (Crustacea: Anostraca) from Pichilingue, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Hydrobiologia, 486: 185-190.

Rao K.M. (1994). Role of artificial diets. International Journal of Fish World, 1: 25–29

Rehberg-Haas S., Meyer S., Tielmann M., Lippemeier S., Vadstein O., Bakke I., Schulz C. (2015). Use of the microalga Pavlova viridis as enrichment product for the feeding of Atlantic cod larvae (Gadus morhua). Aquaculture, 438: 141-150.

Rosinvalli P.C., Simpson K.L. (1987). The brine shrimp Artemia as a protein for humans, In: P. Sorgeloos, D. Bengston, W. Decleir, E. Jaspers (Eds.). Artemia Research and its Applications. Vol. 3 Ecology Culturing. Use in Aquaculture. Wetteren, Belgium. pp: 503-514.

Sakamoto M., Holland L., Jones D.A. (1982). Modification of the nutritional composition of Artemia by incorporation PUFAs using micro- encapsulated diets. Aquaculture, 28: 311-320.

Sivagnanam S., Krishnakumar V., Kulasekarapandian S., Munuswamy N. (2011). Present status of the native parthenogenetic strain of Artemia sp. in the salterns of Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Fisheries 58: 61-65.

Sorgeloos P., Dhert P., Candreva P. (2001). Use of the brine shrimp, Artemia spp. in marine fish larviculture. Aquaculture, 200: 147-159.

Sorgeloos P., Kulasekarapandian S. (1984). Culture of live feed organisms with special reference to Artemia culture. Special Publication of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, India. 81 p.

Sorgeloos P., Lavens P., Leger P., Tackaert W., Versichele D. (1986). Manual for the culture and use of brine shrimp Artemia in aquaculture. Artemia Reference Center, State University of Ghent, Belgium. 319 p.

Vanhaecke P., Sorgeloos P. (1982). International study on Artemia XVII. The hatching rate of Artemia cysts –A comparative study. Aquaculture Engineering, 1: 263-273

Watanabe T. (1993). Importance of decosahexaenoic acid in marine larval fish. Journal of World Aquaculture Society, 24: 152-161.

Wold P.A., Hoehne-Reitan K., Cahu C.L., Zambonino J.Z., Rainuzzo J., Kjorsvik E. (2007). Phospholipids vs. neutral lipids: Effects on digestive enzymes in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Aquaculture, 272: 502-513.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.