Morphological development and allometric growth patterns of Acipenser persicus Borodin, 1897 (Actinopterygii, Acipenseridae) during early development

Ontogeny Morphogenesis Morphometrics Caspian Sea.

Authors

  • Soheil Eagderi
    soheil.eagderi@yahoo.com
    Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran.
  • Hadi Poorbagher Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran.
  • Fatemeh Moshayedi Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran.
  • Seyed Vali Hosseini Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran.
June 21, 2017

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Morphological development and allometric growth patterns of reared Persian sturgeon, Acipenser persicus, were studied from hatching to 50 days post-hatching (dph). The larvae were sampled, their left sides photographed and seven morphometric characters, including total length, head length, tail length, trunk length, snout length, caudal peduncle and predorsal length were measured. Allometric growth patterns were calculated as a power function of total length and described using the growth coefficient to find important steps in early life history. The total length of the newly hatched larvae and fry were 10.59±0.8 and 38.8±2.9 mm at 1 and 50 dph, respectively. Morphogenesis and differentiation were the highest rates during the first 11 days of early development, i.e. endogenous feeding period. There were higher growth rate of head, snout and tail regions compared with those of other organs from the hatch up to yolk sac absorption, followed by positive or almost isometric patterns, after the begin of exogenous feeding, showing priority to enhance the feeding and swimming capabilities. This study confirmed that most of morphological changes of this species are occurred from hatching until the onset of exogenous feeding i.e. during the lecithotrophic phase.