Morphological development and allometric growth patterns of Acipenser persicus Borodin, 1897 (Actinopterygii, Acipenseridae) during early development

Soheil Eagderi, Hadi Poorbagher, Fatemeh Moshayedi, Seyed Vali Hosseini

Abstract

Morphological development and allometric growth patterns of reared Persian sturgeon, Acipenser persicus, were studied from hatching to 50 days post-hatching (dph). The larvae were sampled, their left sides photographed and seven morphometric characters, including total length, head length, tail length, trunk length, snout length, caudal peduncle and predorsal length were measured. Allometric growth patterns were calculated as a power function of total length and described using the growth coefficient to find important steps in early life history. The total length of the newly hatched larvae and fry were 10.59±0.8 and 38.8±2.9 mm at 1 and 50 dph, respectively. Morphogenesis and differentiation were the highest rates during the first 11 days of early development, i.e. endogenous feeding period. There were higher growth rate of head, snout and tail regions compared with those of other organs from the hatch up to yolk sac absorption, followed by positive or almost isometric patterns, after the begin of exogenous feeding, showing priority to enhance the feeding and swimming capabilities. This study confirmed that most of morphological changes of this species are occurred from hatching until the onset of exogenous feeding i.e. during the lecithotrophic phase.

Keywords

Ontogeny, Morphogenesis, Morphometrics, Caspian Sea.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Asgari R, Eagderi S., Rafiee G, Poorbagher H., Agh N., Eshaghzadeh H. (2013a). Body shape changes during the early development of the Beluga (Huso huso). International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 1(1): 1-5.

Asgari R, Rafiee G., Eagderi S., Noori F., Agh N., Poorbagher H., Gisbert E. (2013b). Ontogeny of the digestive enzyme activities in hatchery produced Beluga (Huso huso). Aquaculture, 416: 33-40.

Asgari R., Rafiee G., Eagderi S., Shahrooz R., Poorbagher H., Agh N. (2014). Ontogeny of the digestive system in hatchery produced Beluga (Huso huso Linnaeus, 1758); a comparative study between Beluga and genus Acipenser. Aquaculture Nutrition, 20(6): 595-60.

Birstein V.J., Bemis W.E. (1997). How many species are there within the genus Acipenser? Environmental Biology of Fishes, 48: 157-163.

Bengtson D.A. (1999). Aquaculture of summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus): status of knowledge, current research and future research priorities. Aquaculture, 176: 39-49.

Chatain B. (1994). Standard morphoanatomic and morphometric criteria to assess performance of larval rearing in Dicentrarchus labraxand and Sparus aurata. In: P. Kestemont, J. Muir, F. Sevila, P. Williot (Eds.). Measures for Success. Bordeaux: Cemagref-DICOVA. pp: 249-250.

Chebanova M., Billard, R. (2001). The culture of sturgeons in Russia: production of juveniles for stocking and meat for human consumption. Aquatic Living Resources, 14: 375-381

Claramunt R.M., Wahl D.H. (2000). The effects of abiotic and biotic factors in determining larval fish growth rates: a comparison across species and reservoirs. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 129(3): 835-851

Çoban D., Suzer C., Yıldırım Ş., Saka Ş., Firat K. (2012). Morphological Development and Allometric Growth of Sharpsnout Seabream (Diplodus puntazzo) Larvae. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12: 883-891.

Dettlaff T.A., Ginsburg A.S., Schmalhausen O.I. (1993). Sturgeon Fishes. Developmental Biology and Aquaculture. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 300 p.

Eagderi S., Poorbagher H., Parsazade F., Mousavi-Sabet H. (2015). Effects of rearing temperature on the body shape of swordtail (Xiphophorus hellerii) during the early development using geometric morphometrics. Poeciliid Research, 5(1): 24-30.

Fuiman L.A. (1983). Growth gradients in fish larvae. Journal ofFish Biology, 23: 117-123.

Geerinckx T., Verhaegen Y., Adriaens D. (2008). Ontogenetic allometries and shape changes in the sucker mouth armoured catfish Ancistrus cf. triradiatus Eigenmann (Loricariidae, Siluriformes), related to suckermouth attachment and yolk-sac size.Journal of Fish Biology, 72: 803-814.

Gilbert S.F., Bolker J.A. (2003). Ecological developmental biology: preface to the symposium. Evolution and Development, 5: 3-8.

Gisbert E. (1999). Early development and allometric growth patterns in Siberian sturgeon and their ecological significance. Journal of Fish Biology, 54: 852-862.

Gisbert E., Merino G., Muguet J.B., Bush D., Piedrahita R.H., Conklin D.E. (2002). Morphological development and allometric growth patterns in hatchery-reared California halibut larvae. Journal of Fish Biology, 61: 1217-1229.

Gisbert E., Doroshov S.I. (2006). Allometric growth in green sturgeon larvae. Journal of Applied Ichthyolgy, 22: 202-207.

Gisbert E., Asgari R., Rafiee G., Agh N., Eagderi S., Eshaghzadeh H. (2014). Early development and allometric growth patterns of beluga Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 30(6): 1264-1272.

Hardy R.S., Litvak M.K. (2004). Effects of Temperature on the Early Development, Growth, and Survival of Shortnose Sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum, and Atlantic Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrhynchus, Yolk-Sac Larvae. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 70(2): 145-154

Hasanpour S., Eagderi S., Pourbagher H., Farahmand H., Bahrami-Ziarani M. (2015a). Body shape changes of hatchery-reared triploid sturgeon (Acipenser baeri) x (Huso huso) during early development using geometric morphometric technique. AACL Bioflux, 8(3): 398-403.

Hasanpour S., Eagderi S., Amiri B.M. (2015b). Osteological development of the vertebral column, paired, dorsal and anal fins in Rutilus caspicus, Pravdin (1927) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Caspian Journal of Environmental Science, 13(3): 207-219

Koumoundouros G., Kiriakos Z., Divanach P., Kentouri M. (1994). Morphometric relationships as criteria for the evaluation of culture conditions of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata ) at the larval stage.. In: P. Kestemont, J. Muir, F. Sevila, P. Williot (Eds.). Measures for Success. Bordeaux: Cemagref-DICOVA. pp: 199-205.

Koumoundouros G., Divanach P., Kentouri M. (1999). Ontogeny and allometric plasticity of Dentex dentex (Osteichthyes: Sparidae) in rearing conditions. Marine Biology, 135: 561-572.

Mathias J.A., Li S. (1982). Feeding habits of walleye larvae and juveniles: comparative laboratory and field studies. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 111: 722-735.

Osse J.W.M. (1990). Form changes in fish larvae in relation to changing demands of function. Netherlands Journal of Zoology, 40: 362-385.

Osse J.W.M., van den Boogart J.G.M. (1995). Fish larvae, development, allometric growth, and the aquatic environment. ICES Marine Science Symposia, 201: 21-34.

Osse J.W.M., van den Boogart J.G.M. (2004). Allometric growth infish larvae: timing and function. American Fisheries Society Symposium Series, 40: 167-194.

Osse J.W.M., van den Boogart J.G.M., van Snik G.M.J., van der Sluys, L. (1997). Priorities during early growth of fish larvae. Aquaculture, 155: 249-258.

Segner H., Storch V., Reinecke M., Kloas W., Hanke W. (1995). A tabular overview of organogenesis in larval turbot ( Scopththalmus maximus L.). ICES Marine Science Symposia, 201: 35-39.

Schmidt R.E. (2001). Loricaria cataphracta: parental care and description of early larvae. Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters, 12: 235-240.

Strauss R.E. (1995). Metamorphic growth-gradient changes in South American loricariid catfishes Lorcariichthys maculatus and Pseudohemiodon laticeps. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 30: 177-191.

van Snik, G.M.J., van den Boogaart, J.G.M., Osse, J.W.M. (1997). Larval growth patterns in Cyprinus carpio and Clarias gariepinus with attention to finfold. Journal of Fish Biology, 50: 1339-1352.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.