A histo-morphological characteristics of gonads in Mudskipper, Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941 from Helleh estuary, Southwestern Iran

Somayeh Ghasemian, Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Mohsen Nokhbatolfoghahai, AbdolRahim Pazira

Abstract

In this study, the morphological and histological studies of male and female gonads in mudskipper, Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941 from Helleh estuary (Bushehr Province, southwestern Iran) were performed to determine its gonadal development stages and histo-morphological characteristics. Sampling was done from April 2010 to March 2011 and a total of 81 individuals were collected by hand net. The gonads of specimens were removed, their sexes determined and then fixed in 10% formalin solution after checking their morphology and measuring their weights, lengths and widths. Six stages of gonadal development in females and four stages in males were determined based on macroscopic and microscopic observations and reproductive indices. In female, increasing of the ovary size is occurred because of the accumulation of yolk materials in oocytes, and in the last stages, little folding in ovary was observed. Formation of zona radiata and yolk granules in the third stage, and increasing thickness of this layer and yolk granules were observed from stage three to stage six. In male, gradual developments of the sperm cells were observed from stage one onward.

Keywords

Gobioidae, Reproduction, Gonad histology, Iran.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Assem S.S. (2000). The reproductive biology and histological characteristics of pelagic Carangid female Caranx crysos, from the Egyptian Mediterranean Sea. Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 31(C): 195-215.

Assem S.S. (2003). The reproductive biology and histological and ultrastructural characteristics of the ovary female pelagic fish Pagellus erythrinus from the Egyptian Mediterranean water. Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 42: 77-103.

Billard R., Fostier A., Weil C., Breton B. (1982). Endocrine control of spermatogenesis in teleost fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 39: 65-79.

Clayton D.A. (1993). Mudskippers. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 31: 507-577.

El-Gharabawy M.M. (1996). Histomorphology of ovarian changes during the reproductive cycle of Lithognathus mormyrus (Teleoste: Sparidae). Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology, 19(A): 97-115.

Eschmeyer W.N., Fong H.D. (2015). Catalog of Fishes. Available from: http://researcharchive.calacademy .org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp.

Esmaeili H.R., Coad B.W., Gholamifard A., Nazari N., Teimory A. (2010). Annotated сhecklist of the freshwater fishes of Iran. Zoosystematica Rossica, 19(2): 361-386.

Esmaeili H.R., Shiva A.H. (2006). Reproductive biology of Persian tooth- carp, Aphanius persicus (Jenkis, 1910) (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontidae) in South of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 37: 39-46.

Ghanbarifardi M., Malek M. (2007). Permanent intertidal fish from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 3(1): 1-14.

Ghanbarifardi M., Aliabadian M., Esmaeili H.R. (2014a). Morphometric variation of Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941(Teleostei: Gobiidae) in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, 10(2): 137-144.

Ghanbarifardi M., Aliabadian M., Esmaeili H.R., Polgar G. (2014b). Morphological divergence in the Walton’s mudskipper, Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans, 1941, from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman (Gobioidei: Gobiidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 60(2): 133-143.

Gordon M.S., Boetius I., Evans D.H., McCarthy R., Oglesby L.C. (1969). Aspects of the physiology of terrestrial life in amphibious fishes I: the mudskipper, Periophthalmus sobrinus. Journal of Experimental Biology, 50: 141-149.

Graham J.B. (1997). Air–breathing fishes. Evolution, diversity and adaptation. San Diego California. Academic Press, 65-133

Harris V.A. (1960). On the locomotion of the mudskipper Periophthalmus koelreuteri (Pallas). Gobiidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 134: 107-135.

ICES (1963). Recommendations adopted by the Herring committee concerning routine methods and the reporting of herring biological data in the ICES’ area. Proces-verbal de la Reunion. Appendix 1, pp: 71-73.

ICES. (1999). Manual for international bottom trawl surveys. ICES CM. D2, Addendum 2.

Kim J.K., Baek H., Kim J., Chang D., Kim J. (2011). Sexual maturity and early life history of the mudskipper Scartelaos gigas (Pisces, Gobiidae), implications for conservation. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14(4): 403-410.

Kovacic M. (2007). Reproductive biology of the striped goby, Gobius vittatus (Gobiidae) in the northern Adriatic Sea. Scientia Marina, 71(1): 145-151.

Lawson E.O. (2010). Maturation and Histological characteristics of ovaries in Mudskipper, Periophthalmus papilio from Lagos lagoon, Nigeria. Journal of American Science, 6(11).

Lawson E.O. (2011). Testicular maturation and reproductive cycle in mudskipper, Periophthalmus papilio (Bloch and Schneider 1801) from Lagos lagoon, Nigeria. Journal of American Science, 7(1).

Lee H.J., Graham J.B. (2002). Their game is mud. Natural History, 9(2): 42-47.

Murdy E.O. (1989). A Taxonomic Revision and Cladistic Analysis of the Oxudercine Gobies (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae). Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement, 11: 1-93.

Nagahama Y. (1983). The functional morphology of teleost gonads. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall, E.M. Donaldson (Eds.). Fish Physiology. San Diego, California, USA, Academic Press. pp: 223–275

Pajuelo J.G., Lorenzo J.M. (2000). Reproduction, age, growth and mortality of axillary seabream, Pagellus acarnae (Sparidae) from the Canarian archipelago. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 16(2): 41–47.

Polgar G. (2008). Species-area relationship and potential role as a biomonitor of mangrove communities of Malayan mudskippers. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 17: 157-164.

Swanson B.O., Gibb A.C. (2004). Kinematics of aquatic and terrestrial escape responses in mudskippers. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 207: 4037-4044.

Thacker C.E. (2003). Molecular phylogeny of the gobioid fishes (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gobioidei). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 26: 354-368.

Thacker C.E. (2009). Phylogeny of Gobiodei and placement within Acanthomorpha, with a new classification and investigation of diversification and character evolution. Copeia, 93-104.

Thacker C.E. (2013). Phylogenetic placement of the European sand gobies in Gobionellidae and characterization of gobionellid lineages (Gobiiformes: Gobioidei). Zootaxa, 3619(3): 369-382.

Wong L.C., Corlett R., Young L., Lee J.Y. (2000). Comparative feeding ecology of little egrets on intertidal mudflats in Hong Kong, South China. Water Birds, 23: 214-225.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.