Reproductive biology of Pseudotocinclus tietensis (Siluriformes: Loricariidae: Hypoptopomatinae), a threatened fish species

Jandyr A. Rodrigues-Filho, Renato M. Honji, Paulo H. Mello, Maria I. Borella, Alexandre W.S. Hilsdorf, Renata G. Moreira

Abstract


Pseudotocinclus tietensis is endemic to the Upper Tietê River basin and classified as vulnerable. The reproductive biology of this species is still unknown, therefore, we investigated its reproductive strategy and gonad development during its annual reproductive cycle. The fish were collected throughout one year, and histology of the gonads, fecundity and oocyte diameter was conducted. Three phases of gonad maturation were found in males and females (immature, developing, and spawning capable), and the development stages of the gametes were identified within each stage. In the testes, four stages of gamete development were distinguished: spermatogonia, spermatocytes, spermatids and spermatozoa. During spermiation, the spermatozoa were released into the tubular lumen and then continued through the efferent ducts. In the ovaries, five stages of gamete development were identified: chromatin nuclear, perinucleolar, yolk vesicle formation, vitellogenic and ripe. The minimum diameter of ovulating oocytes was 297 µm, and the absolute fecundity was 64 to 306 oocytes. Males with spermatozoa in the lobular lumen and females with vitellogenic and ripe oocytes were found throughout the year. Pseudotocinclus tietensis has asynchronous ovarian development and gametes with fertilization capacity can be eliminated throughout the annual cycle.


Keywords


Reproductive cycle, Gonads, Pseudotocinclus tietensis, Fecundity, Cascudo.

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