Descriptive osteology of Squalius orientalis from Urmia Lake basin of Iran

Saber Vatandoust, Sedat V. Yerli, Parya Jalili

Abstract

Osteological features are important to study the taxonomy and phylogenetic relationship of fishes. Since there is no information is available about osteological features of Squalius orientalis, therefore this study was aimed to provide a detailed description of the osteological features of this species from the Urmia lake basin of Iran and comparing it with population of S. orientalis from the Caspian Sea basin. For this purpose, the specimens were collected from Zarineh River of the Urmia lake basin and cleared and stained with alizarin red S and alcian blue for osteological examinations. Finally, a detailed osteological features of this species was provided and compared with those of the Caspian Sea basin. Based on the results, having a longer pre-vomer, dorsally oriented parasphenoid alar, longer ventral blade-shaped process of the orbitosphenoid, concaved masticatory plate, pointed ascending process of the palatine, concaved posterior margin of the opercle, and a small posterior process of the cleithrum can differentiate S. orientalis of the Urmia Lake basin from those of the Caspian Sea basin. In addition, the observed osteological difference suggest that both studied populations belong to same taxon.

Keywords

Inland water, Chub, Squalius, Skeleton, Urmia.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Arratia G. (1999). The monophyly of teleostei and stemgroup teleosts. In: G. Arratia, H.P. Schultze (Eds.). Mesozoic Fishes 2: Systematics and Fossil Record, Dr Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany. pp: 265-334.

Bogutskaya N.G. (1994). A description of Leuciscus lepidus (Heckel, 1843) with comments on Leuciscus and leuciscine-aspinine relationships (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 96B: 599-620.

Bogutskaya N.G. (2002). Petroleuciscus, a new genus for the Leuciscus borysthenicus species group (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zoosystematica Rossica, 11(1): 235-237.

Chen Z., Chen Y. (2001). Phylogeny of the specialized schizothoracine fishes (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cypriniae). Zoological Studies, 40: 147-157.

Coad B.W. 2016. Fresh water fishes of Iran. Available at. www.briancoad.com. Retrieved 2/11/2016.

Esmaeili H.R., Mousavi-Sabet H., Sayyadzadeh G., Vatandoust S., Freyhof J. (2014a). Paracobitis atrakensis, a new species of crested loach from northeastern Iran (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 25(3):237-242.

Esmaeili H.R., Brian W.C., Mehraban H.R., Masoudi M., Khaefi R., Abbasi K., Mostafavi H., Vatandoust S. (2014b). An updated checklist of fishes of the Caspian Sea basin of Iran with a note on their zoogeography. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 1(3): 152-184.

Hilton E., Bemis W.E. (1999). Sketelal variation in short nose sturgeon (Acipencer brevirostrum) from the Connecticut River: implications for comparative osteological studies of fossils and living fishes. In: G. Arratia, H.P. Schultze (Eds.). Mesozoic Fishes: Systematics and Fossil Record, Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany. pp: 69-94.

Eastman J.T. (1980). The caudal skeletons of catostomid fishes. American Midland Naturalist, 103(1): 133-148.

Ishihara H. (1987). Revision of the Western North Pacific species of the genus Raja. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 34(3): 241-285.

Irfan F.I., Suneetha Gunawickrama B. (2011). Osteological variation of the olive barb Puntius sarana (Cyprinidae) in Sri Lanka. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 39(2): 121-128.

Jalili P., Eagderi S., Azimi H., Mousavi-Sabet H. (2015a). Osteological description of the southern king fish, Alburnus mossulensis from Iranian part of the Tigris River drainage. Animal Biology and Animal Husbandry, 7(2): 113-121.

Jalili P., Eagderi S., Nasri M., Mousavi-Sabet H. (2015b). Descriptive osteology of Alburnus amirkabiri (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae), a newly described species from Namak Lakebasin, Central of Iran. Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum, 13 (4): 51-62.

Jalili P., Eagderi S., Nikmehr N. 2015c. Descriptive osteology of Barbus cyri (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from southern Caspian Sea basin. Iranian Society of Ichthyology, 2 (2): 105-112.

Jalili P. (2015). Phylogeny of the genus of Iranian Cyprinids using osteological charactrestics in Iran using geometric morphometric and osteological methods. MSc Thesis, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.

Ghasemi H., Jouladeh Roudbar A., Eagderi S., Abbasi K., Vatandoust S., Esmaeili H.R. (2015). Ichthyofauna of Urmia basin: Taxonomic diversity, distribution and conservation. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 2(3): 177-19.

Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Vatandoust S., Eagderi S., Jafari-Kenari S., Mousavi-Sabet H. (2015a). Freshwater fishes of Iran; an updated checklist. AACL Bioflux, 8(6): 855-909.

Jouladeh Roudbar A., Eagderi S., Esmaeil H.R. (2015b). Fishes of the Dasht-e Kavir basin of Iran: an updated checklist. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 3(4): 263-273.

Keivany Y., Nelson, J.S. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of sticklebacks (Gasterosteidae), with emphasis on ninespine sticklebacks (Pungitius spp.). Behaviour, 141(11-12): 1485-1497.

Kuru M. (1975). Dicle-Fırat Kura-Aras, Van Gölü ve Karadeniz Havzası tatlısularında yaşayan Balıkların (Pisces) Sistematik ve Zoocoğrafik Yönden İncelenmese. Docentliktezi-Basilmamis, Atatürk Üniversitesi, Erzurum.

Nybelin O. (1973). Comments on the caudal skeleton of actinopterygians. In: P.H. Greenwood, R.S. Miles, C. Patterson (Eds.). Interrelationships of Fishes (eds.), Academic Press, London, UK. pp: 369-372.

Özuluğ M., Freyhof J. (2011). Review of the genus Squalius in Western and Central Anatolia, with description of four new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 22(2): 107-148.

Rojo A.L. (1991). Dictionary of evolutionary fish osteology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 273 p.

Schultze H-P., Arratia G. (1988). Reevaluation of the caudal skeleton of certain actinopterygian fishes II. Hiodon, Elops and Albula. Journal of Morphology, 195(3): 257-303.

Taylor W.R., Van Dyke G.C. (1985). Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium, 9: 107-119.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Doğan E. (2013). Two new species of Squalius, S. adanaensis and S. seyhanensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), from the Seyhan River in Turkey. Zootaxa, 3637(3): 308-324.

Zardoya R., Doadrio I. (1999). Molecular evidence on the evolutionary and biogeographical patterns of European cyprinids. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 49: 227-237.

Zengin M., Yerli S.V., Dağtekin M., Akpınar İ.Ö. (2012). Changes in the fisheries of Çıldır Lake (Turkey) in the last twenty years. Eğirdir Journal of Fisheries, 8: 10-24.

Zhang E. (2005). Phylogenetic relationships of labeonine cyprinids of the disc-bearing group (Pisces: Teleostei). Zoological Studies, 44(1): 130-143.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.