Occurrence of Orthetrum abbotti Calvert (1892) (Odonata, Libellulidae) and intraguild predation on Clarias gareipinus Burchell, 1822 (Suliformes, Clariidae) and Oreochromis niloticus L., 1758 (Perciformes, Cichlidae) fry in Lagos fish farms

Abiodun Akinpelu Denloye, Oyindamola Azeezat Alafia, Kafayat Oluwakemi Ajelara, Oluwaseun Olusegun Babalola, Olanrewaju Abayomi Dosunmu, Fatai Gbolahan Owodeinde, Oluwaseun Oluyomi Solomon

Abstract

Intraguild predation occurs when species competing for the same resource prey upon or parasitize one another. This may result in economic losses under commercial circumstances. A survey of the insect species of fish farms in Badagry and Ojo Areas of Lagos State, Nigeria was carried out followed by an evaluation of the predatory ability of Orthetrum abbotti nymphs on fish fry. Nymph predation was evaluated in the laboratory against fry of Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus. Samples of insects were randomly collected from 10 earthen ponds, 10 concrete ponds and the vegetation surrounding the ponds and identified over a period of 12 weeks from three study fish farms. Six species of insects belonging to four orders namely Notonecta unifasciata, Gerris remigis, O. abbotti, Aedes aegypti, Dysticus marginalis and Acentria ephemerella syn. niveus were collected from the ponds. Studies on feeding preference of 5th nymphal instar of O. abbotti on fry of C. gariepinus and O.  niloticus over other food types revealed  that the dragonfly preferred to feed more on C. gariepinus fry than on O. niloticus although there was no significant difference in the number of O. niloticus and C. gariepinus fry preyed upon by O. abbotti nymphs.

Keywords

Intraguild predation, Orthetrum abbotti, Fish farms, Dragonfly nymph.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abowei J.F.N., Ukoroije B.R. (2012). The Identification, Types, Taxonomic Orders, Biodiversity and Importance of Aquatic Insects. British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 3(5): 218-229.

Adeyemo A.A., Yakubu A.F., Oladosu G.A., Ayinla O.A. (1997). Predation by aquatic insects on African catfish fry. Aquaculture International, 5(1): 101-103.

Cardoba-Aguilar A. (2008). Dragonflies and Damselflies; modern organisms for ecological and evolutionary research. Oxford University Press.295 p.

Cook W.L., Streams F.A. (1984). Fish predation on Notonecta (Hemiptera): relationship between prey risk and habitat utilization. Oecologia (Berlin), 64: 177-183.

Corbet P.S. (1999). Dragonflies: behaivour and ecology of odonata. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA. 829 p.

De-Graaf G., Jannsen H. (1996). Artificial reproduction and Pond rearing of the African catfish Clarais gariepinus in sub-saharan Africa. Fisheries Technical Paper 362. FAO. Rome. Italy. 73 p.

Denloye A.A., Makinde O.S.C., Ajelara K.O., Alafia A.O., Oiku E.A., Dosunmu O.A., Makanjuola W.A., Olowu R.A. (2014). Insects infesting selected vegetables in Lagos and the control of infestation on Celosia argentea (L.) with two plant oils. International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology, 2(3): 187-195.

Foltz S.J., Dodson S.I. (2009). Aquatic Hemiptera community structure in stormwater retention ponds: a watershed land cover approach. Hydrobiologia, 621: 49-62.

Kadoya T., Suda S., Washitani I. (2007). Dragonfly species richness on man-made ponds: effects of pond size and pond age on newly established assemblages. Ecological Research, 8:182-187.

Lasswell J., Forrest M.L. (1997). Survey of dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) in ponds of Central Texas. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 70 (1): 52-63.

Nguenga D.I., Tengles G.G., Ollevier F. (2000). Predation capacity of tadpoles (Bufo regularis) using African Catfish Heterobranchus longifilis larvae: Impacts of prey characteristics on vulnerability to predation. Aquaculture Research, 31: 931-936.

Raak Van de Berg C.L., De Lange H.J., Van Lenteren J.C. (2012). Intraguild predation behaviour of ladybirds in semi-field experiments explains invasion success of Harmonia axyridis. PLoS ONE, 7(7): e40681.

Rashed A. (2005) Prey selectivity by Dragonflies in relation to prey size and wasp-like colours and patterns. Animal Behaivour, 70 (5): 1195-1202.

Suhling F.S., Padekke K., Martens A. (2004). A field study of nymphal development in a dragonfly assemblage in African desert ponds (Odonata). Hydrobiologia, 528: 75-85.

Sulem S.Y., Brummett R.E. (2006). Relative importance of various predators in Clarias gariepinus fry mortality in Cameroun. NAGA World Fish Center Quaterly, 29(3-4): 74-77.

Tave D., Rezk M., Smitherman R.O. (2008). Effect of body colour of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters) on predation by dragonfly nymphs. Aquaculture Research, 21(2):157-162.

Vershini R.A., Kanagapan M. (2014). Effect of quantity of water on the feeding efficiency of dragonfly nymph - Bradynopyga geminate (Rambur). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 2(6): 249-252.

Weir J.B. (1972). Diversity and abundance of aquatic insects reduced by introduction of the fish, Clarias gareipinus to ponds in central Africa. Biological Conservation, 4(1): 169-175.

Wittwer T., Sahlen G., Suhling F. (2010). Does one community shape the other? Dragonflies and fish in Swedish lakes. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 3(2): 124-133.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.