The sagittal otolith morphology of four selected mugilid species from Iranian waters of the Persian Gulf (Teleostei: Mugilidae)

Vahideh Salehi, Majid Askari Hesni, Azad Teimori, Mohammad Reza Lashkari

Abstract

The members of mugilid species are usually difficult to recognize because of the well-known similarity observed in their external morphology. Nevertheless, their identification is very important for local fisheries management and conservation action. Therefore, in the present study we applied otolith morphology to evaluate its significance in identification of four selected mugilid species; Chelon subviridis (Valenciennes, 1836), Liza klunzingeri (Day, 1888), Ellochelon vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) and Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 occurring in the Iranian waters of the Persian Gulf in southern Iran. The results indicated several otolith features to be important for identification of the selected mugilid species as follow; the position and sulcus centrality, the curvature of the cauda, and the type of anterior and posterior regions. Based on the total approach evidences, we conclude that otolith morphology in mugilid fishes can be evidently used for the species identification and probably estimation of their phylogeny. The findings are in agreement with the previous studies which documented taxonomic importance of otolith morphology.

Keywords

Sagitta, Phylogeny, Taxonomy, Fisheries management.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Annabi A., Said K., Reichenbacher B. (2013). Inter-population differences in otolith morphology are genetically encoded in the killifish Aphanius asciatus (Cyprinodontiformes). Scientia Marina, 77(2): 269-279.

Bustos R., Daneri L.G.A., Volpedo A.V., Harrington A., Varela E.A. (2012). The diet of the South American sea lion (Otaria flavescens) at Río Negro, Patagonia, Argentina. Iheringia, Série Zoologia, 102(4): 394-400.

Coad B.W. (1998). Systematic biodiversity in the freshwater fishes of Iran. Italian Journal of Zoology, 65(1): 101-108.

Coad B.W. (2015). Freshwater fishes of Iran. Available from: www.briancoad.com. Retrieved 12/11/2015.

Eschmeyer W.N., Fong J.D. (2016). Species by families/subfamilies. In: Catalog of fishes. Availabe from: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp. Retrieved 02/03/2016.

Esmaeili H.R., Teimori A., Gholami Z., Reichenbacher B. (2014). Two new species of the tooth-carp Aphanius (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) and the evolutionary history of the Iranian inland and inland-related Aphanius species. Zootaxa, 3786(3): 246-268.

Fortunato R.C., Dura V.B., Volpedo A. (2014). The morphology of saccular otoliths as a tool to identify different mugilid species from the Northeastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Marine Science, 146(5): 95-101.

Gholami Z., Esmaeili H.R., Erpenbeck D., Reichenbacher B. (2014). Phylogenetic analysis of Aphanius from the endorheic Kor River Basin in the Zagros Mountains, Southwestern Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 52(2): 130-141.

Golani D., Orsi Relini L., Massutí E., Quignard J.P. (2002). CIESM Atlas of exotic species in the Mediterranean. In: Briand, F. (Ed.). Fishes, vol. 1. CIESM Publishers, Monaco.

Nelson J.S., Grande T.C., Wilson MVH. (2006). Fishes of the World, 5th ed. Hoboken John Wiley and Sons publishing. 756 p.

Teimori A., Esmaeili H.R., Gholami Z., Zarei N., Reichenbacher B. (2012a). Aphanius arakensis, a new species of tooth-carp (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) from the endorheic Namak Lake basin in Iran. Zookeys, 17(215): 55-76.

Teimori A., Schulz-Mirbach T., Esmaeili H.R., Reichenbacher B. (2012b). Geographical differentiation of Aphanius dispar (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) from Southern Iran. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 50(4): 289-304.

Teimori A., Jawad J.L.A., Al-Kharusi L.H., Al-Mamry., J.M. Reichenbacher B. (2012c).Late Pleistocene to Holocene diversification and historical zoogeography of the Arabian killifish (Aphanius dispar) inferred from otolith morphology. Scientia Marina, 76(4): 637-645.

Teimori A., Esmaeili H.R., Erpenbeck D., Reichenbacher B. (2014). A new and unique species of the genus Aphanius (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae) from Southern Iran: a case of regressive evolution. Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 253(4): 327-337.

Tuset V.M., Lombarte A., Assis A.C. (2008). Otolith atlas for the Western Mediterranean, North and central eastern Atlantic. Scientia Marina, 72(1): 7-198.

Veen J., Mullie W., Veen T. (2012). The diet of the white-breasted csormorant Phalacrocorax carbolucidus along the Atlantic coast of West Africa. Ardea, 100(2): 137-148.

Whitfield, A., Panfili J., Durand J.D. (2012). A global review of the cosmopolitan flathead mullet Mugil cephalus Linnaeus1758 (Teleostei: Mugilidae), with emphasis on the biology, genetics, ecology and fisheries aspects. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 22(3): 641-681.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.