Total petroleum hydrocarbons in water, sediment, and Redbelly tilapia, Coptodon zillii in Shatt Al-Basrah Canal, Iraq
Water pollution is one of the most common global problems resulting from increased industrial and agricultural activities. Petroleum hydrocarbons have extremely dangerous to the aquatic environment. The total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPHs) was investigated in water, sediment, and muscles of Coptodon zillii at Abu Sakhir and Al-Zubair Bridge stations seasonally in the Shatt al-Basra Canal. The results showed a variation in the TPHs levels in the studied stations. In addition, a significant difference in the TPHs was recorded during the seasons in the water, and sediments between stations. The results showed significant differences in the TPHs in the muscles in the spring but no significant in other seasons between the two stations. The results of the lipid contents of fish revealed significant differences between the two studied stations in the fall, spring, and summer seasons but not significant in winter.
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