Evaluation of water quality using TOPSIS method in the Zaringol Stream (Golestan province, Iran)

Zohreh Mazaheri kouhanestani, Abdolazim Fazel, Rasoul Ghorbani

Abstract

In order to evaluate water quality condition, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), dissolved oxygen (DO), temperature, pH, turbidity, total suspended solid (TSS), phosphate (PO-4), nitrate (NO-3) and fecal coliform were measured seasonally from 9 sites from November 2009 to August 2010 in Zaringol Stream. Water quality condition was estimated using TOPSIS method. Comparison of TOPSIS values in different sampling stations showed the minimum (0.230) and maximum values (0.604) are in points 1 and 5 respectively. According this result, point 1 had the best water quality condition and point 5 had the lowest quality. Also, Seasonal results of TOPSIS values showed that the maximum value was found in spring. Discharge of effluents from land uses located along the stream specifically, trout farms and starting agricultural activity and production process in spring and summer are most important reasons for decreasing of water quality. TOPSIS estimates values ≤0.5 for almost stations and seasons. It shows Zaringol Stream has an average water quality.   


Keywords

Pollution, TOPSIS method, Water quality, Zaringol Stream

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