Review on the Caspian Shemaya, Alburnus chalcoides (Güldenstädt, 1772)

Bahram Falahatkar, Ali Safarpour Amlashi, Soheil Eagderi, Hamed Mousavi-Sabet

Abstract

Alburnus chalcoides, Caspian Shemaya, is found in the river systems of the Aral, Black and Caspian sea basins and is an economically valuable cyprinid from the southern Caspian Sea. This species has been reported as near threatened species in this basin due to damming, over and illegal fishing, destruction of its spawning grounds and water pollution. The Caspian Shemaya is an important species ecologically and economically, but information about its biology and ecology is widely scattered. Hence, in this review, its taxonomy, general characteristics and morphology, distribution, habitat and ecology, age and growth, reproduction, conservation status and threats in the southern Caspian Sea is summarized, and a bibliography on this fish is provided.

Keywords

Alburnus chalcoides, Cyprinidae, Shemaya, Conservation.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdoli A. (2000). The inland water fishes of Iran. Museum of Nature and Wild life of Iran, Tehran. 378 p.

Abdoli A., Naderi M. (2009). Biodiversity of the fishes of the southern basin of Caspian Sea. Abzian Publication, Tehran. 237 p.

Azari Takami G., Rajabi Nezhad R. (2002). Investigation of bleak Chacalburnus chalcoides fecundity in the Sefidroud River. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 6: 231-238.

Bagherian A., Rahmani H. (2007). Morphological differentiation between two populations of the shemaya, Chalcalburnus chalcoides: a geometrical morphometric approach. Zoology in the Middle East, 40: 53-62.

Bagherian A., Rahmani H. (2009). Morphological discrimination between two populations of shemaya, Chalcalburnus chalcoides (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) using a truss network. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 32: 1-8.

Berg L.S. (1949). Freshwater fishes of U.S.S.R and adjacent countries. Trady Institute Akademii Nauk USSR, Moskva and Leningrad, vol.2: 467-926.

Bogutskaya N.G. (1997). Contribution to the knowledge of leuciscine fishes of Asia Minor. Part 2. An annotated check-list of leuciscine fishes (Leuciscinae, Cyprinidae) of Turkey with description of a new species and two subspecies. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 94: 161-186.

Bogutskaya N.G., Kucuk F., Unlu E. (2000). Alburnus baliki, a new species of cyprinid fish from the Manavgat River system, Turkey. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 11: 55-64.

Bogutskaya N.G., Naseka A.M. (2004). Catalogue of agnathans and fishes of fresh and brackish waters of Russia with comments on nomenclature and taxonomy. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow. 389 p.

Bug I., Vukić J., Šanda R., Perea S., Ćaleta M., Marčić Z., Bogut I., Povž M., Mrakovčić M. (2010). Morphological comparison of bleaks (Alburnus, Cyprinidae) from the Adriatic Basin with the description of a new species. Folia Zoologica, 59: 129-141.

Coad B.W. (1980). Environmental change and its impact on the freshwater fishes of Iran. Biological Conservation, 10: 51-80.

Coad B.W. (2009). Alburnus zagrosensis n.sp., a new species of fish from the Zagros Mountains of Iran (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 48: 63-70.

Coad B.W. (2015). The freshwater fishes of Iran. Available from: http://www.briancoad.com. Retrieved 01/06/2015.

FAO (1988). Codes of practice and manual of procedures for consideration of introductions and transfers of marine and freshwater organisms. EIFAC Occasional Paper No. 23, Rome, Italy.

Freyhof J., Kottelat M. (2007a). Alburnus vistonicus, a new species of shemaya from eastern Greece, with remarks on Chalcalburnus chalcoides macedonicus from Lake Volvi (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18: 205-212.

Freyhof J., Kottelat M. (2007b). Review of the Alburnus mento species group with description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18: 213-225.

Fricke R., Bilecenoglu M., Sari H.M. (2007). Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostomata and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A, 706: 1-172.

Gesner J., Chebanov M., Freyhof J. (2010). Huso huso. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved 03/05/2013.

Holčík J., Oláh J. (1992). Fish, fisheries and water quality in Anzali lagoon and its watershed. Report prepared for the project - Anzali lagoon productivity and fish stock investigations. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. 109 p.

Karimpour M., Hosseinpour S., Haghighi D. (1993). Small migratory cyprinids into Anzali lagoon. Iranian Fisheries Bulletin, 4: 39-52.

Khataminejad S., Mousavi-Sabet H., Sattari M., Vatandoust S. (2013a) First record of Alburnus atropatenae (berg, 1925) (cyprinidae) in Namak basin, central Iran. Croatian Journal of Fisheries. 70 (2): 37-41.

Khataminejad, S., Mousavi-Sabet, H., Sattari, M., Vatandoust, S., Eagderi, S. (2013b). A comparative study on body shape of the genus Alburnus (Rafinesque, 1820) in Iran, using geometric morphometric analysis. Caspian Journal of Environmental Science, 11 (2): 205-215.

Kiabi B.H., Abdoli A., Naderi M. (1999). Status of the fish fauna in the south Caspian Basin of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 18: 57-65.

Knipovich N.M. (1921). Gidrologicheskie issledovaniya v Kaspiiiskom more v 1914-1915 g. [Hydrological investigations in the Caspian Sea in the years 1914-1915]. Trudy Kaspiiskoi Ekspeditsii, Petrograd.

Kottelat M., Freyhof J. (2007). Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 p.

Kozhin N.I. (1957). Material on the Ichthyofauna of the Iranian Coast of the Caspian. Voprosy Ikhtiology, 8: 8-18.

Lelek A. (1987). The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Threatened fish of Europe. Wiesbaden, Germany. 343 p.

Maitland P.S. (2000). Guide to freshwater fish in Britain and Europe. Hamlyn, Octopus publishing, London, England. 256 p.

Mohadasi M., Eagderi S., Shabanipour N., Hosseinzadeh M.S., Anvarifar H., Khaefi R. (2014). Allometric body shape changes and morphological differentiation of Shemaya, Alburnus chalcoides (Guldenstadf, 1772), populations in the southern part of Caspian Sea using Elliptic Fourier analysis. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 2(3): 164-171

Mohadasi M., Shabanipour N., Eagderi S. (2013). Habitat-associated morphological divergence in four Shemaya, Alburnus chalcoides (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) populations in the southern Caspian Sea using geometric morphometrics analysis. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 1: 82-92.

Mohsenzadeh A., Bahadori Z. (2001). Investigation on age and growth of bleak Chacalburnus chalcoides. BS.c. project, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. 66 p.

Mostafavi H. (2007). Fish biodiversity in Talar River, Mazandaran province. Journal of Environmental Studies, 32: 127-135.

Mousavi-Sabet H., Abdollahpour S., Salehi-Farsani A., Vatandoust S., Langroudi H.F., Jamalzade H. R., Nasrollahzadeh A., (2013) Length-weight and length-length relationships and condition factor of Alburnus mossulensis from the Persian Gulf basin. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation and Legislation, 6(4): 297-302.

Mousavi-Sabet H., Khataminejad S., Vatandoust S. 2014. Length–weight and length–length relations of the seven endemic Alburnus species (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in Iran. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria, 44 (2): 157-158.

Mousavi-Sabet H., Vatandoust S., Khataminejad S., Eagderi S., Abbasi K., Nasri M., Jouladeh A., Vasil’eva E.D. (2015). Alburnus amirkabiri (Teleostei), a New Species of Shemaya from the Namak Lake Basin, Iran. Journal of Ichthyology, 55(1): 40-52.

Naderi M., Abdoli A. (2004). Fish Species Atlas of South Caspian Sea basin (Iranian waters). Iranian Fisheries Research Organization, Teharn. 80 p.

Nikoo M., Rahmani H., Ghomi M.R., Asadollahpour A., Zarei M., Bavand E. (2010). Serum sex steroid hormones (testosterone, 17ß-estradiol and progesterone) of Caspian vimba, Vimba vimba and shemaya, Alburnus chalcoides during spawning period. Journal of Fisheries, 63(1): 49-56.

Özulug M., Freyhof J. (2007). Rediagnosis of four species of Alburnus from turkey and description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18: 233-246.

Patimar R., Ezzati M., Sarli J. (2010). Life-history aspects of Caspian Shemaya Alburnus chalcoides in two south Caspian rivers (Siahroud and Gorganroud). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 10: 277-285.

Rahmani H. (2006). Population dynamics and genetic variation of shemaya, Chacalburnus chalcoides (Guldenstadti, 1772) in Haraz, Shirud and Gazafroud rivers. PhD. Thesis, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. 102 p.

Rahmani H. (2008). A study on populations of endangered species, Shemaya, Chalcalburnus chalcoides in the Haraz and Shirroud Rivers. Journal of Environmental Studies, 34: 129-138.

Rahmani H., Kiabi B., Kamali A., Abdoli A. (2009). Some biological characteristics of shemaya Chalcalburnus chalcoides in Shirroud River. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 16:67-76.

Rajabi Nezhad R., Azari Takami G. (2001). A study of feeding habits of Caspian Shemaya (Shah – Koolee) Chalcalburnus chalcoides (Guldenstadt, 1772) in the Sefidrood River. Marine Biology, 1: 45-63.

Sattari M., Shahsavari D., Shafii S. (2004). Ichthyology (systematic). Haghshenass publication, Guilan, Iran. 502 p.

Shamsi S.H., Dalimi A., Pourgholam R. (1997a). First record of Pseudopentagramma symmetrica from Iran. In: Proceedings of the First Iranian Congress of Zoology. Tehran University of Teacher Education, Tehran. 92 p.

Shamsi S.H., Dalimi A., Pourgholam R. (1997b). Study on helminthes of big eye kilka, Clupeonella grimmi. In: Proceedings of the 6th Iranian Biology Conference. Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran. 67 p.

Shirvani E., Jamili S. (2009). Assessing Cd, Pb accumulation in the tissues of Chalcalburnus chalcoides in Anazali Port. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3: 522-529.

Svetovidov A.N. (1945). Chalcalburnus chalcoides iranicus subsp. Nova from the Caspian coasts of Iran, and some zoogeographical problems of the southern part of this sea. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS, 48: 142-144.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.