Ecological status of a West African lagoon complex under anthropogenic pressure, Toho-Todougba complex, Benin

Mardochée Ephraïm Achoh, Hyppolite Agadjihouèdé, Luc Gangbé, Arsène Houssou, Romaric Aïzonou, Simon Ahouansou Montcho, Antoine Chikou

Abstract


Management and preservation of aquatic environments are essential for their productivity and the maintenance of aquatic life. This study aims to characterize the trophic state of Toho-Todougba lagoon complex which has been subject for several years, to an intense fish production in cages. For this purpose, physico-chemical parameters were measured from June 2019 to May 2020 as well as chlorophyll-α, phosphorus and nitrogen. The trophic characterization indices were calculated basedo n Carlson (1977), Burns and Bryers (2000), Neverova-Dziopak and Kowalewski (2018), Primpas et al. (2010) and CCME-WQI (2001). It appears that the temperature (29°C), dissolved oxygen (3.19 mg.L-1 to 4.33 mg.L-1) and pH (6.66 to 7.31) are those characteristic of tropical lake environments. The production parameters revealed that the chlorophyll-α concentration varies from 0.19 to 37 mg.L-1 (stations and months combined). The concentration of phosphorus ranged from 0.02 to 0.42 mg.L-1 while nitrogen varied from 1.91 to 4.03 mg.L-1. Only nitrogen is not in critical proportion for the ecosystem. It should be noted that with the exception of the Carlson index, all other indices revealed that the ecosystem is in a state of advanced eutrophication with a tendency to hyper-trophication according to the eutrophication index of Primpas et al. (2010). Consequently, Toho-Todougba lagoon complex is eutrophic and requires adequate measures for its restoration despite its good health revealed by the physico-chemical parameters.

Keywords


Eutrophication, Lagoon, Anthropogenic, Cage fish farming.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22034/ijab.v9i5.1107

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